May 19, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2817" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Nedim Şener: Photo by IPI/David Reali."][/caption]
I Amoxicillin For Sale, n a study released in early April, the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) representative on freedom of the media, Dunja Mijatović, reported that fifty-seven journalists are currently in prison in Turkey, mostly on the basis of the country’s anti-terrorism laws.
With eleven more Turkish journalists also facing charges, the total number could soon double the records of Iran and China, each of which reportedly held thirty-four journalists in prison in December 2010. Amoxicillin description, Indeed, Mijatović estimated that another 700-1000 proceedings against journalists remain ongoing.
Such a situation is intolerable anywhere, Amoxicillin interactions, My Amoxicillin experience, but particularly in a democracy that seeks European Union membership, and that recognises freedom of expression as a fundamental right, Amoxicillin class. Comprar en línea Amoxicillin, comprar Amoxicillin baratos, Turkey’s behaviour thus calls into question not only its desire but also its ability to commit to the values underlying the EU.
Journalists linked to Kurdish or Marxist organisations have regularly been targeted under Turkey’s anti-terrorism laws, and the OSCE study found that they have faced some of the harshest punishments, Amoxicillin from canadian pharmacy. Amoxicillin trusted pharmacy reviews, One Kurdish journalist was sentenced to 166 years in prison. Others currently face – wait for it – 3000-year sentences if convicted.
The relative lack of scrutiny of Turkey’s treatment of journalists by many in the West has changed, buy no prescription Amoxicillin online, Amoxicillin images, however, owing to the recent waves of arrests in the so-called Ergenekon case, Amoxicillin alternatives. Numerous military officers and academics have been implicated in that case, which involves an alleged plot by secular ultra-nationalists to overthrow the Turkish government, Amoxicillin For Sale. Order Amoxicillin no prescription, The probe has now turned increasingly towards journalists.
One of those accused of participating in the plot is the daily newspaper Milliyet’s investigative reporter Nedim Şener, whose work includes a book about links between security forces and the 2007 murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink.
The International Press Institute (IPI) named Şener a World Press Freedom Hero
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Another journalist under fire is Ahmet Şık, who already faced prosecution for co-writing a book criticising the government’s crackdown on the Ergenekon plot, Amoxicillin wiki. Ordering Amoxicillin online, Şık was said to be working on a book about the alleged influence of an Islamic group within Turkey’s police force, which authorities ordered confiscated before it could be printed.
A common thread in all of the cases targeting journalists is that the alleged facts are shrouded in secrecy, where can i order Amoxicillin without prescription, Amoxicillin over the counter, and the authorities have declined to release any evidence of crimes or criminal organisations. Amoxicillin For Sale, Worse still, they have declined even to inform those brought before courts – sometimes in secret – or their attorneys of the charges they face.
Indeed, journalists caught in this Kafkaesque affair can expect to spend years behind bars before being allowed to respond to the accusations against them. A climate of fear escalates with each raid and arrest.
Meanwhile, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, Buy Amoxicillin from canada, Turkish authorities affirm the country’s commitment to press freedom, even as they impugn the motives of those who exercise it, Amoxicillin pictures. Get Amoxicillin, Given that so many journalists have been jailed, and that all of them have been critical of the government, discount Amoxicillin, Canada, mexico, india, it is difficult to avoid the conclusion that journalists are being targeted because of their work.
Such concern has been voiced not only by press-freedom groups such as IPI, and journalists, Amoxicillin duration, Buy Amoxicillin from mexico, like the Freedom for Journalists Platform (an umbrella group representing local and national media organisations in Turkey), but also by respected international institutions.
The United States’ Mission to the OSCE and the European Commission have joined Mijatović in calling on Turkey’s authorities to stop their intimidation of the media immediately, order Amoxicillin online overnight delivery no prescription
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Even Turkey’s president, Abdullah Gül, kjøpe Amoxicillin på nett, köpa Amoxicillin online, Amoxicillin schedule, recently called for “prosecutors and courts to be more diligent in pursuing their responsibilities, and to act in a way that does not harm the honour and rights of the people.”
Turkey plays a pivotal, Amoxicillin australia, uk, us, usa, Purchase Amoxicillin for sale, bridge-building role between East and West, and the country has been praised for demonstrating that democracy can coexist with Islam, Amoxicillin for sale. But the arrests of so many journalists are eroding this image.
The right of journalists to cover sensitive topics, including national security, is fundamental, Amoxicillin For Sale. No prescription Amoxicillin online, Those who do not engage in criminal activity should not face arrest, imprisonment, fast shipping Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin online cod, or any other form of harassment or intimidation for doing their job. Those accused of criminal activity must be given due process and a fair trial, buy Amoxicillin without a prescription. Evidence must be provided, and the accused must be presented with the charges they face and the opportunity to defend themselves.
Far from being defamatory subversives, journalists who investigate and criticise their government’s actions demonstrate true patriotism, because no democracy can survive without the open and independent assessment of public policies that journalists provide.
If Turkey, a major regional power with an ancient cultural heritage, truly wishes to be welcomed into Europe, to take its rightful place on the world stage, and, indeed, to remain a democracy, its leaders must not hold freedom of the press in contempt.
Alison Bethel McKenzie is director of International Press Institute.
Steven M Ellis is press freedom adviser of International Press Institute.
© Project Syndicate..
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April 5, 2010
[caption id="attachment_1557" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Yoani Sanchez: Photo via Wikimedia Commons."][/caption]
T Lumigan For Sale, he shortest route to blogger celebrity (or, notoriety) is to get a repressive regime after you. Lumigan blogs, It is not exactly an easy path, just a quick one, where can i buy Lumigan online. Kjøpe Lumigan på nett, köpa Lumigan online, Consider the case of Yoani Sánchez, the Cuban blogger whose name made it to the Time magazine list of the most influential people in 2008, where can i find Lumigan online. Lumigan maximum dosage, This notoriety brings worldwide attention to her story and sends a huge number of visitors to her website.
However, in real world, buy Lumigan from canada, Purchase Lumigan online no prescription, blogger celebrity also translates to travel bans, arbitrary detention, Lumigan class, Purchase Lumigan for sale, imprisonment and violent attacks -- these are the pitfalls of blogging in Cuba. While the island nation may stand out from other countries in Latin America, rx free Lumigan, Cheap Lumigan no rx, when it comes to government censorship, there are signs that as more people get online elsewhere in the region, buy cheap Lumigan no rx, About Lumigan, other governments may begin cracking down on internet users, trying to control and limit how people roam and use the world-wide-web.
Sánchez' weblog, my Lumigan experience, Lumigan natural, Generation Y, offers a mix of insider takes on politics, Lumigan dosage, What is Lumigan, culture and daily-life in Cuba. Perhaps, if she stopped there, the Cuban authorities might not have paid as much attention as they do, Lumigan For Sale. She has a page on the social-networking website Facebook with an ever-growing roster of fans; and an account on micro-blogging website Twitter with thousands of followers.
Her writings -- a mix of cynical humour and contrite political anger, Lumigan for sale, Lumigan brand name, well-suited for the blogging medium -- are translated to more than seventeen different languages including English, bolstering her international standing, buy Lumigan without a prescription. Lumigan trusted pharmacy reviews, She is also an occasional contributor to the popular news website The Huffington Post, where, where can i find Lumigan online, Is Lumigan safe, this February, she posted an interview with the mother of Cuban political prisoner Orlando Zapata Tamayo, where can i order Lumigan without prescription. Lumigan class, The interview was posted just hours after Tamayo died from his hunger strike in prison.
As a result of her relentless journalism and exposé of the Cuban regime, Sánchez has been barred by the authorities from travelling aboard, no prescription Lumigan online. Lumigan overnight, Latest, she was stopped from attending a conference in Chile, Lumigan steet value, Lumigan from mexico, where she was scheduled to speak on the uses of social-networking websites like Facebook and Twitter.
These days, we hear a lot about how the internet has shrunk the world into one small global village, Lumigan coupon. Online tools are seen as the great levellers Lumigan For Sale, of the age, and they may well be. Lumigan reviews, But, consider this: while the worldwide transmission of news and ideas has indeed become easier for a large number of people across the globe, australia, uk, us, usa, Get Lumigan, their physical bodies are all that is required by those seeking to punish such transmission or circulation of information and ideas.
This remains the world where security checks, raids and invasions into people's home constitute the ground reality, order Lumigan from mexican pharmacy. Kjøpe Lumigan på nett, köpa Lumigan online, For example, when you are denied your right to travel to the places where your words and ideas have already spread, Lumigan from canadian pharmacy, Buy no prescription Lumigan online, the rest of the world can still seem very far off, no matter how connected you are.
In Cuba, order Lumigan online overnight delivery no prescription, Order Lumigan no prescription, mirroring the post-9/11 US laws, the regime has its own dangerousness law that allows the police to lock anyone up merely for the possibility that they may commit a crime at some point in the future, buy Lumigan from mexico. It seems that talking about human rights in Cuba is one of such red flags.
In Venezuela, responding to protesters who used Twitter to organise demonstrations under the #freevenezuela tag, Hugo Chavez proclaimed that Twitter was a "tool of terror," and directed his national assembly to work on legislation that would regulate the use of social networking websites.
In Mexico, members of the Party of the Democratic Revolution are discussing plans to either ban or regulate the use of Twitter and Facebook, under the pretence of combating crime.
While Cuba is currently the exception when it comes to overt government censorship in Latin America, signs indicate that as more people get online, government policymakers in these countries will be forced to make a choice as to which route to take: either get out of the way and let people use the internet as an utility in whatever way they choose; or take authoritarian measures to stifle creativity and opportunity as a way of maintaining control.
Attacks on bloggers and online dissidents have already started in the region, as is the case in other parts of the world.
In 2009, the Committee to Protect Journalists reported that Cuba had twenty-one online journalists locked behind bars. All but one, CPJ reported, had their work published abroad. The committee ranks Cuba in its Top ten worst countries to be a blogger list, Lumigan For Sale. Of course, Cuba is not alone in the list. According to Reporters Sans Frontières, in 2009, across the globe, there were 151 bloggers and cyber-dissidents behind bars, 61 were violently assaulted and 1 died in prison.
While these might be about people in far off places, there are ways you can assist them from wherever you are.
Yoani Sánchez' own weblog has a number of ways to help Cuban bloggers -- a number of these methods can be used in other Latin American countries and around the world. Google her name or Generation Y to visit her weblog and read through the article titled, "How to help."
There are indeed many ways you can help -- by sharing links to and content from dissident weblogs; by contacting embassies when you hear or read about bloggers getting in trouble; by spreading information about proxy web services and how to use them to beat internet censorship; by donating tools that would help the bloggers, such as software, memory drives and netbooks; by donating server space for a dissident weblog; by working with the Committee to Protect Bloggers through establishing your own local group of activists who would follow cases around the world and report them online; if bloggers are on trial, if you can, show up at any public hearings they may have; or, send letters to them if they end up behind bars.
These activities may seem insignificant to some of you, but, that is surely not the case. Bloggers in some parts of the world go to great lengths and take personal risks to get their message out there. One reason for that, they want to connect with the outside world and let people know what is going on.
You can let them know you have heard their message, and that you are passing it along even when they can not.
Andrew Ford Lyons is Coordinator, Committee to Protect Bloggers.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 4/April 2010.
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April 5, 2010
- Nursultan Nazarbayev with Dmitry Medvedev: Photo courtesy Kremlin.
Belarus has been termed Europe's last dictatorship Phenergan For Sale, because of its long intolerance of dissent and press freedom. So accustomed is the world to the clampdowns of President Alexander Lukashenko's regime that neither a recently issued decree on internet access, Phenergan price, Purchase Phenergan online no prescription, which requires that providers record users' personal data, nor the recent police raids at a number of independent news offices, Phenergan use, Phenergan long term, came as much of a surprise to anyone. "Belarus -- reliably repressive, Phenergan over the counter, Online buying Phenergan, " would be the country's bumper sticker, were press freedom groups to make one.
What is interesting is that a number of other Eurasian countries -- notably Kazakhstan, buying Phenergan online over the counter, Online buy Phenergan without a prescription, the current chair of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe -- are adopting tactics very similar to those of Belarus in order to curb critical media coverage, particularly on the internet, Phenergan images. Where can i buy Phenergan online, Recent increases in the numbers of online users in both countries have undoubtedly contributed to authorities' perceived need to control the web.
Both Belarus and Kazakhstan have passed restrictive laws that equate internet publications with traditional media, making the former subject to the same repressive regulations as the latter, Phenergan dangers. Low dose Phenergan, Lukashenko signed his country's law in August 2008; Kazakhstan's president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, where can i cheapest Phenergan online, Phenergan australia, uk, us, usa, signed similar legislation in July 2009.
In the case of Belarus, the law demands that all news media, Phenergan price, coupon, Online buying Phenergan hcl, including online publications, be approved by the government, Phenergan forum. The Kazakh law expanded the definition of mass media to include social networking websites, chat rooms, online forums, and personal web pages and weblogs -- giving state agencies broad authority to block or shut them down, Phenergan For Sale. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, The vaguely worded law also allows for the blocking of international websites if those are found in violation of Kazakh legislation.
Having passed the new restrictive laws, both Belarus and Kazakhstan created specialised state agencies tasked with enforcing them, Phenergan samples. Order Phenergan online c.o.d, In Belarus, Lukashenko signed a decree giving government agencies muscular authority to block access to online information deemed extremist.
The decree also requires all providers to register servers, Phenergan without prescription, Phenergan used for, personal computers, and other "devices used to connect to the internet, buy Phenergan without prescription, Buy cheap Phenergan, " and to collect the personal details of web surfers. The decree, comprar en línea Phenergan, comprar Phenergan baratos, Phenergan cost, ratified in February, will come into force in July, after Phenergan. Phenergan without a prescription, Simultaneously, a new government agency that reports to the president -- the Operating and Analytical Centre -- was created with the mandate to monitor the online correspondence and activities of Belarusian citizens, where to buy Phenergan, Phenergan no prescription, including their browsing history.
The centre is intended to "protect information containing state secrets of Belarus" from "leaking through technical channels," the independent news website Charter 97 reported, Phenergan pics. Charter 97 Phenergan For Sale, is one of several news outlets raided by Minsk police recently in apparent retaliation for its critical reporting. Canada, mexico, india, The news site issued a call for help after authorities confiscated all eight newsroom computers, severely hampering its work.
In Kazakhstan, Phenergan gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Purchase Phenergan, the head of the main state communications regulator, Kuanyshbek Yesekeyev, doses Phenergan work, Phenergan no rx, announced the creation of a new agency -- the Service to React to Computer Incidents. On March 1, Phenergan canada, mexico, india, Phenergan street price, Yesekeyev told the parliament that the service has already started "a check on destructive websites." He mentioned the existence of black-lists of "resources that have a destructive character" but failed to clarify who was on those lists or how a site's destructive character would be determined, the local service of the US government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty reported.
Without elaborating, fast shipping Phenergan, Generic Phenergan, Yesekeyev also said the new agency will be countering political extremism. His statements led many Kazakh human rights and press freedom groups to cry foul, fearing that such vague terminology will be used to target critical political journalism, the independent regional news website Ferghana reported.
When it comes to the internet, Kazakh and Belarusian policies are disturbingly similar. But, while Belarus has been recognised as a repressive regime, Kazakhstan has been rewarded with the stature of leading the OSCE, the region's leading human rights and security organisation.
Since its assumption of the OSCE chairmanship in January, Kazakhstan's press freedom and human rights records have come under somewhat greater scrutiny. But, the international community has been too cautious in confronting Astana on journalist imprisonments, impunity in anti-press attacks, and politicised prosecutions of the press.
It is time the international community recognises Kazakhstan's record, demands demonstrable improvements from Astana, and ensures that the OSCE's mission of promoting human rights and democracy is not compromised by its leader.
Nina Ognianova is Europe & Central Asia Program Coordinator, Committee to Protect Journalists. An earlier version of this article was published in the CPJ weblog.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 4/April 2010..
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February 1, 2010
[caption id="attachment_1339" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov with Hillary Clinton: Photo by US State Department."][/caption]
Inga Sikorskaya Ventolin For Sale, -- Senior Editor for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan at Institute for War & Peace Reporting -- reports on Western energy interests in Turkmenistan and how this is sweeping the human rights agenda under the carpet. As one of the experts interviewed for this report notes: "Commercial energy interests seem to have won out, and no one is paying any attention to rights."
When Turkmenistan began opening up to the outside world following the death of President Saparmurat Niazov three years ago, Ventolin price, the theory was that increased economic engagement by Western states would encourage a more general relaxation of policy in such areas as human rights and political liberties.
When he was elected in 2007, Doses Ventolin work, the new president, Gurbanguly Berdymuhamedov, held out the prospect of a break with the country's repressive past, my Ventolin experience, and promised to open up the country, Ventolin price, coupon, not just by engaging with foreign investors but also by allowing access to information, freedom to travel abroad, and other improvements.
Since then, Ventolin gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Berdymuhamedov has launched some reforms in education, Online buy Ventolin without a prescription, healthcare and the arts, in the main to reverse some of Niazov's more catastrophic policies.
However, when it comes to fundamental civil rights and liberties, Ventolin pharmacy, the consensus among Turkmen human rights defenders is that little or nothing has changed, Buy cheap Ventolin no rx, and Western governments are fooling themselves if they take minor concessions as a sign of goodwill.
Rights experts believe President Berdymuhamedov is dangling the prospect of gas industry contracts in front of Western states and corporations in the hope that they will pass over human rights abuses in silence -- and they fear that the latter are taking the bait.
"Commercial energy interests seem to have won out, and no one is paying any attention to rights," commented Vyacheslav Mamedov, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, head of the Netherlands-based Democratic Civic Union of Turkmenistan.
The formal launch of a new pipeline taking Turkmen gas to China on December 14, Ventolin class, 2009 was the culmination of a year in which this energy-rich Central Asian state has been actively seeking international investment. European states, in particular, Ventolin used for, are interested in Turkmenistan because it offers the possibility of accessing Central Asian gas without going through Russia as broker and supplier.
One way of breaking Moscow's stranglehold on gas supplies is the Nabucco pipeline, Where can i find Ventolin online, which is planned to run from eastern Turkey to the south-east and then Central Europe. To get Turkmen gas into this pipeline it would have to cross the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan, which would be achieved by laying another pipeline along the bottom of the sea.
The United States, online buying Ventolin, too, Ventolin alternatives, is clearly interested in Turkmenistan as an energy supplier, as shown by visits paid by senior US State Department officials to the country.
With the door to dialogue ajar, Western governments have attempted to engage the Berdymuhamedov Administration on broader issues, order Ventolin from mexican pharmacy. The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Effects of Ventolin, the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights have increased their activity in the country, Ventolin without a prescription. This includes projects related to human rights, implemented in cooperation with the Turkmen government.
Human rights observers, both inside the country and internationally, warn that the dialogue on energy has done nothing to promote openness in other areas, Ventolin For Sale. In November 2009, Buy no prescription Ventolin online, for example, the Norwegian Helsinki Committee issued an open letter jointly with Turkmen rights defenders, calling on Western governments and institutions like the European Union to pay greater attention to human rights.
"We understand the concerns of Western countries regarding energy security for Europe, buying Ventolin online over the counter, concerns that have led to such intense interest in Turkmenistan's energy potential, Buy generic Ventolin, " read the statement. "However, we do not understand why the standards for evaluating human rights conditions in the country have been severely diluted, buy cheap Ventolin, and the unwillingness of the international community to condemn fundamental human rights abuses publicly when they arise."
The same month, Ventolin samples, Global Witness, a London-based watchdog group that monitors the misuse of revenues from mineral resources, published a report: All that gas, Ventolin coupon. Five reasons why the European Union is wrong to bow to the dictatorship of Turkmenistan. One of the arguments made in the report was that the European Commission "thinks a softly-softly approach to Turkmenistan will reduce human rights abuses. Ventolin overnight, But there is little sign that it will.”
Noting that the European Parliament approved a trade agreement with Turkmenistan in April 2009 "without any clear plan of how this would improve the situation in the country," Global Witness said, "There is a risk that the Turkmen regime is learning to play to Europe's need for progress on rights by making small cosmetic reforms that could be reversed in the future, about Ventolin. Ventolin For Sale, Though welcome and obviously necessary, such reforms would change very little for the majority of people in Turkmenistan. But they would enable certain parties in the European Union to argue that engagement with Turkmenistan is working."
IWPR's own enquiries suggest that three years after the death of Niazov, Ventolin no rx, there has been little change to any of the worst abuses for which he was responsible. Dissidents and independent journalists continue to be persecuted, freedom of movement remains severely limited, buy Ventolin without prescription, and fundamental political rights and freedoms remain just as distant a dream as they were in the Niazov years.
There is considerable evidence to support Global Witness' suggestion that the Turkmen authorities are deliberately calibrating their response to Western concerns by offering concessions that can be held up as small victories, Ventolin photos, without moving an inch on the substantive issues.
For example, when the authorities released one political prisoner, Muhametkuli Aymuradov, Ventolin street price, in May 2009, Online Ventolin without a prescription, it did not herald an overall liberalisation, and no more were freed. Over the summer of 2009, Ventolin wiki, current restrictions on freedom of movement -- in the shape of a blacklist of undesirables -- seemed to be tightened rather than relaxed when students were prevented from leaving the country to take up university places abroad.
Like other commentators interviewed for this report, Order Ventolin online c.o.d, a media-watcher in northern Turkmenistan [name withheld] said Western states ought to insist on democratic progress as a precondition for buying gas from the country, but acknowledged that this was unlikely to happen.
"The West must not validate a dictator by buying gas or other resources from him; but instead make him understand that gas purchases are based solely on the democratisation process and on improvements in the human rights situation," he said, is Ventolin addictive. "The West has essentially started doing the same as Russia has done all these years -- closing its eyes even to violations of the rights of fellow Russians in Turkmenistan, Ventolin long term, in exchange for Turkmen gas."
Annadurdy Khadjiev, a Turkmen economist living in Bulgaria, also believes it is important for Western states and businesses to ensure that economic agreements are tied to more general reforms, Ventolin use. He believes that in the first couple of years of Berdymuhamedov’s rule, there was some hope that such mechanisms would be put in place and have some effect, Ventolin For Sale. Nowadays, Get Ventolin, he says, the impression is that Turkmenistan's prospective partners would do anything "just to get hold of its gas."
A Turkmen diplomat [name withheld] called on critics of the Western policy of dialogue to show more patience. Change would come, Ventolin trusted pharmacy reviews, he said, After Ventolin, but it would take time: "The West is going to move step by step. First it will lay the ground for economic contracts, then it will shift towards demanding transparency around these contractual obligations, Ventolin cost, and then, Ventolin from canada, once Turkmenistan is heavily dependent on economic agreements, it will demand that democratic values be upheld."
Another foreign ministry official [name withheld] offered a more jaundiced view of the West's chances of leveraging change in this manner. "Many people make the mistake of relying on the Western democracies," he said. "What they fail to take into account is that the West is not going to interfere in Turkmenistan's internal affairs."
A human rights activist inside Turkmenistan [name withheld Ventolin For Sale, ] expressed concern that the international community would squander future opportunities for setting conditions: "Right now, prior to signing any gas agreements with Ashgabat, the West has quite a few levers of influence on Turkmenistan, via the OSCE and various commissions. But they are not being used. Once the agreements are signed, this leverage may cease having any effect."♦
Inga Sikorskaya is Senior Editor for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan at Institute for War & Peace Reporting. An earlier version of this report was published by IWPR News Briefing Central Asia. Republished by special arrangement.
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September 25, 2009
[caption id="attachment_117" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Muammar Qaddafi: Photo by US Navy."][/caption]
Kamel Labidi on Libya's war against the press.
A Celebrex For Sale, s sixty-seven-years-old Colonel Muammar Qaddafi, celebrated the fortieth anniversary of his ascent to power this August, presumably none of the numerous international guests ventured to ask the Libyan dictator or his aides what happened to journalist Abdullah Ali al-Sanussi al-Darrat after his arbitrary arrest thirty-six years ago. Celebrex cost, Al-Darrat, a journalist and writer from Benghazi, Celebrex no prescription, Celebrex from mexico, Libya’s second-largest city, vanished following his detention without trial in 1973, online buy Celebrex without a prescription, Celebrex no rx, according to international human rights groups and the Western Europe-based Libyan League for Human Rights.
Repeated calls on Libyan authorities over the past decades from international rights groups, including the Committee to Project Journalists, Celebrex results, Fast shipping Celebrex, to shed light on al-Darrat’s whereabouts have fallen on deaf ears. CPJ encouraged colleagues all over the world to write to Qaddafi – who took power in the bloodless military coup that toppled King Idris on September 1, where can i buy cheapest Celebrex online, Purchase Celebrex for sale, 1969 – to enquire about al-Darrat’s fate. But the Revolution’s Guide and the King of Kings, cheap Celebrex no rx, Celebrex natural, as the longest-serving ruler in Africa and the Arab world likes to be called, ignored such queries.
No information has ever surfaced as to the basis for al-Darrat’s detention, order Celebrex online c.o.d, Rx free Celebrex, his whereabouts, or even whether he is still alive, get Celebrex. My Celebrex experience, His fate is reminiscent of the disappearance of other Libyan writers and dissidents, as well as that of the prominent Lebanese Shia leader Musa al-Sadr and his two companions who arrived in Libya in 1978 to meet with government officials, australia, uk, us, usa. They were never heard of again, Celebrex For Sale. Celebrex street price, Lebanese government officials said Qaddafi was responsible for their disappearance.
Al-Darrat’s disappearance occurred at a time when Qaddafi was leading a terror campaign against freedom of association and expression. He warned his critics that the price for dissent would be execution, Celebrex duration. Buy generic Celebrex, Later, Libyan dissidents and critical journalists living in exile, where can i buy Celebrex online, Generic Celebrex, officially called stray dogs, were targeted, Celebrex pictures. Celebrex images, Some of them were gunned down. Celebrex For Sale, Others like Mansur Khikia, former foreign minister and member of the board of the Cairo-based Arab Organization for Human Rights, disappeared in December 1993, in the Egyptian capital.
Unfortunately, Qaddafi’s merciless attacks on Libyan journalists, whose sole crime was to expose cases of abuse of power, nepotism and corruption, did not get enough media attention. One of the victims of this unabated war on freedom of expression was Dayf al-Ghazal, Celebrex blogs, Celebrex without prescription, a former journalist for the government-owned daily Azahf al-Akhdar and contributor to the London-based websites Libya Alyoum and Libya Jeel.
Like al-Darrat, al-Ghazal was from Benghazi, Celebrex steet value. Comprar en línea Celebrex, comprar Celebrex baratos, His disfigured body was found in the suburbs of this Mediterranean city in June 2005, after he went missing from his home for nearly two weeks, Celebrex duration, Celebrex without prescription, according to several sources. This happened about the same time well-known Lebanese journalist and democracy advocate Samir Qassir was killed in a car bomb in Beirut, Celebrex from canada. Celebrex natural, To date, no credible and transparent inquiry into al-Ghazal’s death has been conducted, online buying Celebrex. Many believe that his online articles on rising corruption among government officials led to his abduction and extrajudicial killing by government agents.
Al-Ghazal’s assassination was perpetrated after Libya started its return to the international scene and inaugurated its costly public relations campaign to improve its stained image in Western capitals following nearly two decades of ostracism spurred by United Nations Security Council sanctions, Celebrex For Sale. Where can i order Celebrex without prescription, Yet media remain tightly muzzled.
The nationalisation in April of the satellite news channel Al-Libya and its sister papers Oea and Cyrene, which were launched in 2007 by Qaddafi’s son and outspoken lobbyist Sayf al-Islam and his Al-Ghad Foundation, buy cheap Celebrex no rx, Order Celebrex from United States pharmacy, came as a reminder that there is still no genuine tolerance for independent journalism. This government decision was taken after Al-Libya broadcast material referring to the use of torture and persecution of dissidents in the country, Celebrex from mexico, Rx free Celebrex, according to news reports.
Commenting on the nationalisation of these media outlets, the Libyan League for Human Rights said, Celebrex gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Celebrex for sale, on World Press Freedom Day, that freedom of expression is not a privilege that can be granted and withdrawn at any time, order Celebrex online c.o.d, but a constitutional right that “can not exist without genuine political opening.” It also reported that several journalists and intellectuals, including many working for Al-Ghad Foundation, had been summoned this year for interrogation by state security and press prosecutors.
The human rights league noted that there were serious indications that the office of the press prosecutor had been involved in recent attacks aimed at destroying critical websites, and that it had issued instructions to Libyan embassies to take to court publishers and journalists critical of the Libyan regime, particularly in Africa and the Arab world. It mentioned, for instance, the complaint filed this year against the independent Moroccan dailies Al-Massae, Al-Jarida al-Oula, and Al-Ahdath al-Magrebia for defaming Qaddafi. A court in Casablanca ordered the three dailies in June to pay a crippling fine and damages to the Libyan dictator.
This trial, which was closely monitored by CPJ and prompted angry reactions among journalists and human rights defenders in the region, provided a new example not only of Libya’s war without borders on independent journalism, but also revealed the determination of less autocratic Arab governments to keep the media on tight leash.
“It seems that President Qaddafi, after he overthrew press freedom in Libya, has started to focus his attention and experience toward prosecuting Arab journalists outside his country. Thus, we all have to stand by these journalists, in order to preserve what is left of press freedom in the Arab world,” said the Cairo-based Arabic Network for Human Rights Information.♦
Kamel Labidi is the Middle East representative of Committee to Protect Journalists. An earlier version of this article was published in the CPJ weblog: http://www.cpj.org/blog
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