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Ndumie Funda: Photo by Adam Letch.

[caption id="attachment_2664" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Ndumie Funda: Photo by Adam Letch."][/caption]

Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, “South Africa belongs to all who live in it, united in our diversity.”

The constitution of South Africa is one of the most progressive constitutions of the world. The theme is noble. While it calls for equality in diversity, and respect for all, Retin-A photos, it does not forget to champion justice and freedom. This beautifully worded constitution echoes other great constitutions, like that of the United States, with impressive goals to “lay the foundations for a democratic and open society,” and with promises that “every citizen will be equally protected by law.” Yet, buying Retin-A online over the counter, seventeen years after the end of apartheid, this rainbow nation is again headed straight towards a reality fuelled by violence, hatred, Retin-A class, and phobia.

In 2009, ActionAid reported that a massive 500,000 women were estimated as raped each year in the country. According to a survey by the Medical Research Council of South Africa, 28% of the men who were interviewed had raped a woman, effects of Retin-A. One in twenty said that they had committed sexual crimes in the past years, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. In a control group of 487 men, around 7% admitted that they had taken part in gang rapes.

Meanwhile, in recent years, Online buy Retin-A without a prescription, homophobia has increased dramatically in small black townships in Johannesburg and Cape Town. According to ActionAid, in 1998, thirty-one women were killed in homophobic attacks. Among the victims of homophobic violence, doses Retin-A work, are lesbian women who are suffering the onslaught of corrective rape. Corrective rape is based on an outrageous notion that a lesbian woman will become heterosexual, if raped by a man eager to “teach her a lesson, Order Retin-A from United States pharmacy, ” or “show her how to be a real woman by getting the chance to know what a real man tastes like.”

To comprehend corrective rape and the deep-rooted sources behind this phenomenon is hard, as accurate statistics and studies are hard to obtain. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, “Most of the victims do not report,” says Javu Baloyi of the Commission for Gender Equality. “Under-reporting due to stigma and discrimination is the main problem. We are trying to encourage them to open up, be brave enough, Retin-A price, coupon, but most of them are scared of the repercussions that might follow if the attackers come to know.”

The very first case of corrective rape to get wide media attention was the rape and murder of Eudy Simelane. She was thirty-one, an international footballer training to become the first female referee in the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Retin-A treatment, In April 2008, Eudy was gang-raped and stabbed twenty-five times. She was the first woman to live openly as a lesbian in the Kwa Thema township near Johannesburg.

Her mother, Mally Simelane, told ActionAid that she lived in fear for her own safety constantly, “I am scared of those people, that they are going to come and kill me too, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. I do not know what happened. Why did they do this horrible thing, because of who she was, herbal Retin-A. She was a sweet lady, she never fought with anyone. Why would they kill her. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, She was stabbed, twenty-five holes in her. Buy Retin-A without a prescription, The whole body, even under the feet.”

Despite all the global media coverage, Eudy’s case could not get the justice she deserved. In February 2009, twenty-three-year-old Thaoto Mpithi, Retin-A mg, one of the accused, was sentenced to prison for thirty-two years. He implicated three other men. Buy Retin-A without prescription, Two of them were acquitted due to lack of evidence. The third man, twenty-four-year-old Themba Mvubu, got a life sentence, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. Mvubu showed no signs of remorse throughout the entire hearing. When questioned by reporters, he muttered, “I am not sorry, buy Retin-A online cod,” as he was led away.

In a 2009 documentary on corrective rape, the men who are interviewed display strong opinions about women’s role in the South African society, and how a woman should be like. Kjøpe Retin-A på nett, köpa Retin-A online, One of them says, “If there is someone out there who is trying to rape those lesbians, me, I can appreciate. It is just to let them know, rx free Retin-A, they must be straight. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, Once she gets raped by a guy, I think she will want to know a way which is nice.” He then on camera goes on to add how much the idea of homosexuality irritates and hurts him.

“We are fighting the effects of patriarchy world over, the idea that men get to decide how the world is, and how women are supposed to be in their world. Corrective rape is a vile manifestation of this. That said, Retin-A over the counter, many men in Africa do treat women with the highest respect,” says Antony Hebblethwaite, the founder of African Activist, a LGBT rights group.

Given the staggering number of rapes, South Africa has already been branded as the rape capital of the world, online Retin-A without a prescription. With such huge number of rapes each year in a country, the only way to combat the problem would be a deeper understanding of the motive that drives the perpetrators to commit such crimes, especially when men decide to rape lesbians for sexual correction as lesbian women are perceived as unnatural. Retin-A schedule, Yet, the South African courts and the justice ministry insist that motive is irrelevant, in crimes like corrective rape.

In an effort to raise awareness about corrective rape and also to push for concrete government actions, a handful of activists are now campaigning in South Africa. One of them is thirty-six-year-old Ndumie Funda, from Cape Town, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. Ndumie is the director and founder of Luleki Sizwe, Retin-A canada, mexico, india, a non-profit organisation working for the victims of corrective rape.

Ndumie named Luleki Sizwe after her close friend Luleka Makiwane and her fiancée Nosizwe Nomsa Bizana.

“The organisation is named after two women who were very important to me,” says Ndumie. “Luleka was a strong and powerful woman. Order Retin-A no prescription, She was not ashamed of her sexuality, and tirelessly worked to stop violence against all women. Despite being so independent, she was raped by her cousin who was HIV positive. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, After that, Luleka also became HIV positive, and died in 2005.”

Ndumie met her fiancée Nosizwe Nomas Bizana, through a common friend, “It was love at first sight. She was a beautiful woman, Retin-A dose. She was a strong-willed person who would not take any nonsense. She taught me to be humble, to stand up for my rights. Retin-A duration, We had a nice, respectful, and God-fearing relationship. Nosizwe was raped by five men, because of her sexuality, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. As a result, she contracted cryptococcal meningitis, Retin-A used for, and died on December 16, 2007.”

Ndumie takes a minute to fight back her tears, “She was my princess.”

Talking about her own life, Retin-A price, Ndumie says, “I grew up in a strict Seventh Day Adventist family. From a very early age, I knew I was a feminist, and that I was a lesbian, Retin-A maximum dosage. It was hard for my family to understand and accept the fact that I did not choose my sexuality, I was born this way. It was only after I turned twenty-one and got a job, Taking Retin-A, I got more freedom. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, Finally, I could stop pretending and be myself. During the apartheid regime, I was also involved in anti-apartheid activism, but my mother persuaded me to stop.”

Back to the question of corrective rape, she says, Retin-A results, “To understand South African men, one has to understand the culture we have here. Boys go to the bush, Retin-A pics, and come back as men. This transition from boyhood to manhood gives them the false belief that they can do whatever they want to do, and get away committing a crime even.”

After Nosizwe’s death, Ndumie felt the urge to put a stop to corrective rape, and help the victims – that was why Luleki Sizwe took shape, purchase Retin-A for sale, to protect and support the victims of corrective rape, “We provide corrective rape survivors with a safe-house and medical care, we help them and their families by providing them with healthy home-cooked meals and necessary home supplies. Retin-A trusted pharmacy reviews, We also run educational programs and computer classes. Our objective is not only to help the victims and educate them, but also to change the existing negative perception about lesbian, bisexual, and transsexual women in our society.”

Luleki Sizwe operates in the heart of the problem, as Ndumie puts it, “We believe that in our struggle against corrective rape, the change needs to happen in the areas where we live, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. So we are not running away, instead we are based in the black townships, because we are trying to take ownership over the problems that affect our lives.”

Ndumie’s organisation has managed to open a little window of hope for all the survivors. On March 14, discount Retin-A, Luleki Sizwe, in cooperation with, submitted a total of 170, Retin-A description, 000 signatures collected from 163 countries, urging the South African government to put a stop to corrective rape.

This was in response to the unwillingness of the government, to prioritise this crime in its list of concerns. Previously in 2009, for example, Retin-A for sale, the national prosecution authority stated, “Whilst we are mindful of the fact that hate crimes – especially of a sexual nature – are rife, it is not something that the South African government has prioritised as a specific project.”

Just two years after that statement was made, After Retin-A, Ndumie got the opportunity to meet senior officials at the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Development, “The meeting was great. It was very productive, and they have agreed to work with us. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, Many victims who want to talk, need protection – we asked the ministry to provide them with that. We also asked for changes in the education curriculum, online buying Retin-A, so that children grow up learning that homosexuality is not abnormal. We also proposed that the plan includes mobile clinics, mobile police stations, Buy Retin-A from canada, and safe-houses for the victims. I am very impressed by their cooperation, and looking forward to a very constructive, tangible, progressive working relationship.”

The South African Human Rights Commission is also working on plans to deal with homophobia, Retin-A trusted pharmacy reviews. “There is an ongoing development of a national action plan which seeks to deal with discrimination and all other forms of intolerances. This plan will provide a blueprint on how the country will deal with issues of hate crimes, corrective rape being one of them,” says Vincent Mogae of the commission.

While these small progresses take place in South Africa, elsewhere in the continent, homophobia is reported frequently, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. On March 12, in a BBC panel debate, Retin-A natural, on whether homosexuality is un-African, David Bahati, a member of the parliament of Uganda, explained why homosexuality is un-African, “It is inconsistent with the African belief in the continuity of family and clan.” In the same debate, online Retin-A without a prescription, Festus Mogae, the former president of Botswana, admitted that despite he was against the prosecution of homosexuals, he could not change the law fearing a loss in the elections. He was criticised for not legalising homosexuality in Botswana, during his ten-year-long term.

Religious fundamentalism is often cited as one of the key reasons behind the rise of homophobia in Africa. “Historically, Africa has always been the most friendly and tolerant continent. Homosexuality dates back to time before colonialism and the intervention of religion. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, The arrival of colonialism and also the influence of religious fundamentalism have contributed to the debased argument for homophobia,” says Reverend Rowland Jide Macaulay, a Nigerian-Namibian LGBT activist and co-chair of Pan-African ILGA. “The homophobic religion is adverse and fundamental in nature, not pertained in the original concept of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.”

Macaulay does not mince his words when it comes to homophobic pandering by government officials and religious leaders, “The fact that government officials and religious leaders condemn homosexuality continues to reinforce hatred, discrimination, prejudice, and ignorance, and these go down the length of society. It is sad to see gay and lesbian people today avoid the church and the mosque, that are now losing out on the opportunity to welcome all of God’s children.”

“Roots in religious fundamentalism and belief about African culture run very deep. Therefore, the reason for a growing tide of homophobia among people is probably a bit of both. Also, people are scared to speak out. Consider Uganda, for instance, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. With the 2009 anti-homosexuality bill pending in the parliament, some HIV/AIDS service providers and even human rights organisations are afraid to speak out against the bill. When people speak out, there are often negative consequences,” says Antony Hebblethwaite of African Activist.

The struggle against corrective rape in South Africa is also a struggle against religious fundamentalism and patriarchy. Thanks to Ndumie Funda and other LGBT activists like her, the South African government is now more willing than before to protect its homosexual population, especially lesbian women. As Ndumie puts it, no woman in South Africa should endure the fate of the women she loved: Luleka and Nosizwe. Until that day comes, her fight goes on.


Syeda Lubna Mehrin is Editorial Assistant, Independent World Report.

In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011..

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[caption id="attachment_1621" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Alaina Podmorow (Centre): Photo by Jamie Podmorow."][/caption]

W Atenolol For Sale, hat are the choices we have, when we are told about the plight of our fellow human beings – men, women and children. Three years back, Atenolol pics, a nine-year-old school girl in Canada was told about the terrible life of women and girls in Afghanistan, as she attended a talk given by journalist and humanitarian activist Sally Armstrong.

Alaina Podmorow – now thirteen – knew what her choice was. She contacted Canadian Women for Women in Afghanistan, order Atenolol online c.o.d, and asked if she could join the organisation. Comprar en línea Atenolol, comprar Atenolol baratos, She was welcomed with open arms. Thus, Little Women for Little Women in Afghanistan was born – a humanitarian organisation of young girls in Canada, buying Atenolol online over the counter, trying to help the girls in Afghanistan. The organisation raises funds in order to support female education in Afghanistan, with the motto: Education = Peace.

Three years on, Little Women for Little Women has raised thousands of dollars for its cause, by hosting events all across Canada, Atenolol For Sale. Where can i cheapest Atenolol online, What started as a twenty-member team is now growing into a national movement. In partnership with Canadian Women for Women in Afghanistan, the organisation supports a teacher training project and an orphanage in Kabul; a number of schools and a village library.

And, Atenolol long term, it all started the day Alaina Podmorow became a humanitarian.

In her own words, Atenolol alternatives, “I am the founder of Little Women for Little Women in Afghanistan. I founded this organisation three years ago, when I was nine years old, Atenolol schedule. In the fall of 2006, Atenolol maximum dosage, I found out that the privileges that I have, other girls in our world do not get. Atenolol For Sale, I learned about this when I went with my mom to listen to journalist, author and human rights activist, Sally Armstrong speak about Afghanistan. She told stories about the terrible things that happen to little girls in Afghanistan, Atenolol treatment. I was so moved. Atenolol australia, uk, us, usa, It was so upsetting to me that these girls were not able to exercise their rights. They were not able to go to school and sometimes they did not go to school because they were afraid they would be hurt or even killed.”

Sharmin Afsana interviewed Alaina Podmorow.


Founder of Little Women for Little Women and a thirteen-year-old soccer player – how do you draw the balance?

People ask me that question a lot. I am really passionate about my work with Little Women, but, I know that I am just thirteen and there has to be a balance, Atenolol For Sale. My schedule is really well planned, Atenolol used for, so that I can do the things I love and have fun doing. Atenolol overnight, I do miss a lot of school, but, I have lots of homework and I always make sure I am caught up.

I do sports all year round because I just love it, Atenolol photos, and sometimes Little Women get really busy, Atenolol price, coupon, but, I know that as soon as I finish I can go and take time and just be a kid. My usual day is like this – I get up, Atenolol samples, have breakfast and check and answer my emails, Atenolol trusted pharmacy reviews, then, I am off to school. Right now I have basketball and soccer, where can i order Atenolol without prescription, and I have just been invited to be on a youth editing team for an author who is writing a kid’s book about Afghanistan. Atenolol For Sale, We have our big gala event coming up on April 17, so I am working more than usual but soon it will slow down and it will be much more relaxed. Is Atenolol safe, We will probably take a family vacation in the beginning of summer.

Little Women for Little Women – how did it start?

In the fall of 2006, I attended a speech by my inspiration, journalist and human rights activist Sally Armstrong, Atenolol use. She told stories about the human rights violations that were happening to women and girls in Afghanistan, Generic Atenolol, especially the right to education. At the end of Sally’s speech, she said the worst thing you can do is nothing, where can i buy Atenolol online. It was right then that I realised that I had to do something and even if it was small, Atenolol results, it would make a difference. That is when I started Little Women for Little Women in Afghanistan.

I read somewhere that there is an interesting story behind your logo.

The logo is kind of a funny story, Atenolol For Sale. I knew I wanted to make a symbol for Little Women, and so one day I just started doodling flowers all over a page, purchase Atenolol. In all different shapes and sizes. Atenolol from mexico, But, I kept repeating this one particular flower. My mom walked by me and looked at my paper and said, Atenolol interactions, “That is so beautiful, Atenolol pharmacy, it is a flower, but it also looks like a dove being set free.” I knew right then, that was the symbol for us, Atenolol brand name. Atenolol For Sale, I coloured it red black and green because that is the colour of the Afghan flag. People recognise that flower now as our symbol, Discount Atenolol, so that is pretty neat.

When you heard stories about the young girls in Afghanistan, what moved you so much that you decided to act?

Sally Armstrong told so many stories that night about girls in Afghanistan, who were just like me and my friends, purchase Atenolol online no prescription. But, Atenolol natural, instead of going to school and playing with their friends, they were forced to stay home. They had no freedom and they were so afraid of the unknown, Atenolol no prescription. It just felt so wrong to me. It was Sally’s words, “The worst thing you can do is nothing,” that made me realise right then, that nothing would change unless we all took action, Atenolol For Sale. Atenolol forum, That is why I decided to start raising money to educate girls in Afghanistan. Even though it may only make a small difference, it still would make change.

Have you ever been to Afghanistan, my Atenolol experience, or any plans?

No, Buy Atenolol online no prescription, I have never been, but, I do want to some day, Atenolol from canadian pharmacy. Right now it is too dangerous for me to go, Atenolol from canada, and I would be risking the Afghan girl’s safety as well. I will go when it is safe to visit.

How many of your friends are involved in LW4LW?

There are about twenty girls in the first team of Little Women and they have been members for 3 1/2 years now. Atenolol For Sale, They are all my friends, and I have made so many new friends with the teams that have started all across Canada.

How is your family supporting your work?

My family is always supporting me. My dad and brother help as much they can and are always supporting and encouraging me, online buying Atenolol. My mom is always by my side helping me out. About Atenolol, She looks after all the grown-up things about the organisation like administration and arranging my calendar and speaking trips. She attends all my speeches and is at each event we hold. Without her amazing help, encouragement and wisdom, I would be not where I am today, Atenolol For Sale. My mom is truly one of my inspirations and I love her so much!

Education = Peace – so, effects of Atenolol, why do you think education will change the lives of Afghan women and bring peace?

That is a simple one. I believe that once everyone is educated, peace can be achieved. When you are educated, you become a stronger person. Illiteracy leaves people afraid of the unknown because they do not understand and they can not read to find out what is going on and make their own opinions. Atenolol For Sale, When you are educated, you understand that people are all the same, and they deserve the same rights, and that it is possible to achieve peace.

The education projects you are raising funds for - which areas in Afghanistan they are being carried out and how?

We have a teacher training project we support in Kabul, as well as an orphanage. We support schools in Jalalabad, Kabul area and we support a village library project that actually is run by the villagers who build their own libraries. This project is a great example of how you can help someone to help themselves.

These projects are in place because of Canadian Women for Women in Afghanistan, and we send 100% of everything we raise to them. They send 100% of all donations to the projects. I am working on a project to introduce a physical education program for girls in Afghanistan. This is important because it will improve their self esteem, cardiovascular health, and it will be fun too.

Do little women in Afghanistan know about the little women in Canada?

Absolutely yes, Atenolol For Sale. We have made friends, through letters, and we feel we are connected to them and they to us.

Where do you see LW4LW and yourself, five years from now?

You know, I do not really think about that. I try to just think about now and right now. I feel that I will continue until everyone has a chance for an education. I have done it for three years now, and I can not imagine not doing it, or not working to help restore human rights.

If you are given the power to change one thing in our world, what would you do?

This might make some adults mad at me. But, if I had the power to change one thing in the world it would be to change the way some of our leaders and academics think. I think some adults sometimes get caught up in thinking this side is right or that side is right and sadly when everyone is spending all their time and energy fighting about who is right, kids are dying, girls are getting raped and sold off as brides as young as eights years old and getting acid thrown on their faces just because they are walking towards the school.

I am not saying that people should not stand by what they believe in, but I think that if everybody could put all their energy that they use for fighting and put it towards raising money to build schools or train teachers or buy food for starving kids or creating awareness of the importance of education, we would change our world and create global peace.

That is what I dream of accomplishing.


Sharmin Afsana is Managing Editor, Independent World Report.

Online: More information about Little Women for Little Women in Afghanistan.

In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 4/April 2010.


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[caption id="attachment_1496" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Parvin Ardalan: Photo by Arash Ashoorinia."][/caption]

L Proscar For Sale, aunched in August 2006, the One Million Signatures campaign is a courageous challenge to the repressive theocracy of Iran that now enforces a gender apartheid against its women. Iranian women's rights activists aim to collect one million signatures in support of changing discriminatory laws against women. The campaign that has already received wide international support, is constantly under attack from the Iranian regime that sees women's freedom as a political threat to its very existence.

One of the architects of this grass-roots movement is Parvin Ardalan -- feminist activist and journalist. Ardalan, Where can i buy cheapest Proscar online, along with others, established Markaz-e farhangi-ye zanan (Women’s Cultural Centre), that has become a crucial instrument in crafting opinion, analysis and documentation on women issues in Iran. Since 2005, the Markaz has published Iran's first online magazine on women's rights, buy Proscar from canada, Zanestan, with Ardalan as its editor.

In 2007, Ardalan was sentenced to three years in prison by the Iranian regime for threatening national security. The same year, she was awarded the Olof Palme prize, for her struggle for equal rights for men and women in Iran.

"Despite persecution, threats and harassment, Parvin Ardaln has been persistent in her struggle and never compromised her ideals, Proscar For Sale. Through constantly more ingenious methods, Purchase Proscar online, she and her fellow sisters have managed to increase the support for equal rights. The ongoing campaign for a million signatures against discrimination is an excellent example. Their intensive work deserves international recognition as a path to democracy and peace in this region of turbulence and conflict," the Stockholm-based secretariat of Olof Palme Memorial Fund noted in a statement.

Haideh Daragahi interviewed Parvin Ardalan, in Stockholm in January 2010.


Let us begin with the One Million Signatures campaign. How did it start and why, Proscar alternatives, and how does it work?

This campaign began three years ago, after a gathering of a group of activists at Haft-e-Tir square in Tehran. Proscar For Sale, We had announced the meeting and invited all men and women to gather at the square. Before the programme had started, they arrested two of the coordinators. Taking Proscar, The meeting took place in the sense that it was the police that carried it out. They were stationed there an hour before the announced time. We could not stay there even for five minutes. They arrested seventy people, Proscar For Sale. Five of them were sent to court, and one of the participants is still in jail. They poured into my house, Proscar interactions, but, I and another activist they were after, were out by then.

We were a group of five coordinators. Many among us were against the meeting and did not come. Cheap Proscar, Some two thousand people came. Proscar For Sale, The meeting was announced by individual activists rather than by the groups, because the groups were under pressure and group activity was risky. After that, we arrived at the conclusion that we had two choices: either to give up, or, to find other methods of street action. We wanted both to involve people in issues related to women and to engage in street activity, Proscar wiki, because this kind of work allowed us to break out of the closed atmosphere of work within the group – one is seen and has an audience.

We, who had announced the gathering, were under pressure while we were also looking for solutions that would involve all the groups and put forward all the demands that the women had. The initiator of this discussion was the Women’s Cultural Centre, Proscar treatment, that I and some others had founded. In our discussions, we reached the point that we can benefit from the experience of women elsewhere and use those experiences as a model. We knew about Morocco, and decided to adopt their project for one million signatures by adapting it to our specific situation.

Women in Morocco had carried out the campaign for one million signatures, but, they had the political support of the Moroccan king against the Islamists, and even then it took ten years, Proscar For Sale. Since we had no state support, we could only take our support from the people. We based our activity for collecting signatures on networking and face-to-face encounters, real brand Proscar online. Our audience was not only women – they were all men and women over eighteen.

We were going to use the pamphlet called The effect of laws on the lives of women that we had prepared for the demonstration. Before the demonstration, since we knew we may be arrested, we dropped the pamphlets into people’s mailboxes. Proscar For Sale, Some one thousand pamphlets had already been distributed in this way. Proscar recreational, We had come to the conclusion that the distribution of the pamphlets was good as a relatively risk-free way of expressing our goals. It was an effective way of raising feminist awareness in relation to legal discrimination, as the pamphlet dealt with major discriminatory arrangements in the existing legal structure.

Marriage: The first step a woman must take in marriage, according to the existing law, is to satisfy the condition of the father’s consent. For marriage, Proscar dose, virgin women must have their father or paternal grandfather’s permission. With the courts’ permission, a father can marry his daughter, even before the age of thirteen, Proscar pictures, to a seventy-year-old man.

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Multiple wives for men: A man can have four aghdi (permanent) wives and infinite sighehi (temporary) wives.

Age of criminal responsibility: The age of criminal responsibility for girls is nine lunar years and for boys fifteen lunar years.

Citizenship rights:According to Iranian law, the citizenship of a woman does not transfer to her child. If your father is Iranian, you too are considered Iranian, Proscar For Sale. But, having an Iranian mother does not make you an Iranian citizen.

Inheritance: According to civil law, online Proscar without a prescription, after the death of the father and mother, sons receive two times as much in inheritance as daughters.

Honour killings:Among the discriminatory laws, one can note the law that gives a man permission to kill his wife whenever he sees her in bed with another man, and the law will not punish this man.

Bearing witness: There are some crimes in which women can not testify. Proscar mg, In the cases where a female witness is accepted, the testimony of two women equals that of one man. Then, other discriminatory laws like compulsory prescribed dress for women and stoning.

Since we were going to collect signatures, we planned to adopt the face-to-face method. Based on what we had written in the pamphlet, buy Proscar online cod, we prepared a single page statement. Proscar For Sale, We produced this statement when we worked for collecting signatures and asked the person to read it. Then, we would give them the pamphlet, enter into a discussion, Proscar maximum dosage, and ask them to sign. We were interested in tangible issues. In speaking to people, we talked of our own problems in relation to these laws, so that in the course of the average twenty minutes it took us to talk to each person, they would feel free to talk back, Proscar results. This would raise their consciousness, and encourage them to take part in the activity. We were happy if they signed, and we did not loose anything if they did not sign, because, they were given the pamphlet, that they would take home, with more information.

This process has been going on over the last three years, Proscar For Sale. The initiators were the middle-class activists of the women’s movement, but before long, Herbal Proscar, the activists of the workers and students movements also got involved. Since collecting signatures took place in public spaces and work places, it broke the class barrier. We collected signatures in prisons, courtrooms, undergrounds, ordering Proscar online, buses and collective taxis.

The more we went on, the more intense became the attack on the campaign. Altogether, some sixty people were arrested and sent to court. Two people have been arrested recently on the charge of acting against national security.

Proscar For Sale, Our work consists of consciousness raising and advocating rights for women, through networking and horizontal form of cooperation. Proscar pharmacy, We are not women only, there are men who work with us. We are not based only in Tehran, but, in many cities and smaller towns, as well as abroad, buy generic Proscar. The campaign has tapped new energies and potentials among young and creative participants.

How do you see the role of religion and politics, in the oppression of women in Iran – how much of this is religion and how much is politics?

Before the 1979 revolution, the condition of women was far from ideal, but, Proscar blogs, it was comparatively better. We had a patriarchal structure with discrimination based on tradition. Many laws were rooted in religion, Proscar For Sale. The new government increased discrimination by using Islam and adjustment to Islamic dictates. For example, the family support law, allowing women to turn to special courts for divorce and custody of children, order Proscar from United States pharmacy, was passed before the revolution, but it was not enough. These family courts were annulled with the argument that they were un-Islamic. Religion entered the state. Proscar For Sale, It was said that these new laws are based on religion and therefore non-negotiable. Proscar online cod, In practice, women were discriminated against, both from a governmental and a religious point of view.

What happened to women in Iran, was an anti-women strategy enforced in the name of religion through the power of the state. Religion, with its roots in culture, Proscar description, was an asset to them and the Islamic Republic implemented the interpretation of religion that is utterly against women. Freedom of dress, for example, was taken away, Buy Proscar online no prescription, and age of marriage for girls was reduced to nine. These discriminatory measures promoted a view of women as inferior and subordinate – a view sanctioned by religion. The combination of religion and state was a combination of religious and political discrimination against women, Proscar For Sale. As the basis for this attitude on the social level was laid out, many men kept quiet about this enormous discrimination. The first victims of the religious state were women living with patriarchal politics, and patriarchal religion.

It looks like, Proscar duration, the Iranian regime sees women’s freedom as a political threat – something that fuels the ongoing gender apartheid there. Why is that so?

One reason is that the policies of governments before the revolution, in relation to women, were presented as Western. Proscar photos, Reza Shah – the father of the Shah – took the veil off women’s heads by force, since this was not what all the women wanted in the 1930s. Proscar For Sale, The policies of his son, by bringing more women into the job market and secularising a number of laws, were regarded by the Khomeini regime as a symbol of modernisation and an effort to Westernise Iranian society.

The Islamic government tried to bring about change by resorting to de-Westernisation for which women were the vehicle. In other words, its opposition to the Shah was symbolised in the appearance of women. The idea of man as the legally superior sex, and the head of the household as well as the person to whom the woman should submit sexually, Proscar schedule, was transferred to the political sphere and the role of the state.

Thus, just as the man is in control of the woman, the state is the keeper of this Islamic symbol by controlling the woman’s body by enforcing the veil, gender separation in schools and universities, Discount Proscar, on the streets and means of public transport.

If this control is threatened then, the assumption is, it is a threat to Islam, and by extension, to the Islamic state. Any incursion on this control is seen as a threat, Proscar from canada. Just as according to Iranian law the man is the measure for humanity, the woman is the measure for discrimination. The sexualisation of politics was from the very beginning the strategy of the Islamic Republic.

A part of your answer actually brings us to the next question I have – how much of the Iranian movement for freedoms and rights is influenced by the West, as the regime always allege influence of alien culture or foreign hand?

The accusation of being linked to the West has always been a political ploy to restrain social and civil activists, Proscar For Sale. I believe that what started and developed after the 1979 revolution, and made the voice of the Iranian society heard internationally, Is Proscar addictive, was the result of the work of the activists of civil rights movements. The resilience of these movements in the face of accusations and their refusal to surrender, is in itself evidence of the fact that what is happening in Iran is independent.

How does the women’s movement in Iran contribute towards the movement for democracy and rights. Also, how important is international solidarity in this struggle?

The women’s movement has been one of the most important aspects of the democratic movement in Iran. It has contributed in its method of networking and decentralised leadership and activity, effects of Proscar, by serving as a model for the ongoing movement overall. Proscar For Sale, Also, by creating international support through reciprocal solidarity.

Our campaign includes activists from the working class movement and the student movement, just as we consider it our duty to support these other movements. This pattern has been implemented on the international level in support networks for the women’s movement. This turns solidarity not into a favour but into a duty.

Using the model of horizontal movements, we place ourselves in an extended network in which helping the other is also self-help. Buy Proscar no prescription, Support for the Iranian movement is not helping the Iranians alone. It is helping the supporter as well. In a globalised world, the positive and the negative outcome of the events in Iran has global dimensions, and is by no means limited to Iran.

There is an interesting campaign going on right now, as male activists are donning headscarves and posting their photos online to belittle the regime, in response to the arrest of a fellow activist, Proscar For Sale. How do you see this Be a Man campaign?

To begin with, the Islamic Republic forced the veil on women by using the argument that it is the symbol of respect for women and maintains their integrity. When it wanted to humiliate a student activist it photographed him wearing the veil, and distributed that photo to somehow discredit him, Proscar price, coupon. By so doing, it discredited its previous explanation for the veil. By belittling womanhood and scorning men who wear women’s clothes it exposed its real view of women, indicating that womanhood is inferiority.

The reaction of the men, Discount Proscar, who put the veil on, questioned the veil as a symbol, and male superiority. Proscar For Sale, It increased the solidarity of men with women. It showed that they no longer consider womanhood as humiliating. It was a step taken a bit late, but their action showed that the younger generation not only do not consider womanhood as humiliating, comprar en línea Proscar, comprar Proscar baratos, they are proud of it. This is a far cry from the reaction after the imposition of the veil thirty years ago, when a small number of men protested but the majority went so far as to condone it. After years of work by the activists in the women’s movement and the increase in society’s level of feminist consciousness, Kjøpe Proscar på nett, köpa Proscar online, such a reaction by men signals a qualitative change in male attitude.

Their reaction is important and admirable. After the event, a number of women’s rights activists issued a statement in which they point out that neither womanhood, nor men who wear women’s clothes, such as some homosexual men, are inferior, Proscar For Sale. For transvestites have been humiliated not only by the regime but also by different sections of the society at large.

Where do you see Iran five years from now. In terms of general politics and freedom for Iranian women.

We live between hope and fear. It is not easy to predict. As an activist of the women’s movement, since I believe in resistance and believe that thirty years of women’s resistance to the Islamic Republic has resulted in a gradual opening, Proscar dangers, I am hopeful. Proscar For Sale, Considering the recent development and the role of women in it as prime advocates for freedom and equality, I can say that the continuation of this process can result in a free and equal society. Iran has the chance to experience real democracy and women hold great resource and potential for such a society.

As a woman and as a journalist, you belong to two of the most threatened groups in today’s Iran. How do you cope?

Living in an oppressive society like Iran requires creative methods and belief in our power as politically marginal forces. This is needed to keep sparks of hope alive and to continue. The situation requires new, democratic, and anti-discriminatory strategies. Not easy, but people who live under these circumstances, have tried to discover and implement these methods, Proscar For Sale. Being a woman and a journalist, who wants to bring about change and make herself heard, is costly. I am aware of this and prepared to pay the price. I am so glad that idealism is still alive in us.


Haideh Daragahi – scholar and rights activist – was a professor of English literature at University of Tehran, at the time of the Islamic revolution in Iran. Since 1984, she is based in Sweden.

In print: Independent World Report — Issue 3/February 2010..

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Sharia enforced dress code: Photo by Nick Treacy.

Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, [caption id="attachment_1373" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Sharia enforced dress code: Photo by Nick Treacy."][/caption]

Maryam Namazie -- rights activist, commentator, where to buy Diflucan, broadcaster, Get Diflucan, and spokesperson for One Law for All -- on resisting the misogynist, medieval and barbaric Islamic code. There is a world of difference between sexists and bigots who believe religion gives them the go ahead to think that gays are perverts and unveiled women whores and a state that puts those beliefs into laws, Diflucan gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, under which gays are executed and badly veiled women are fined, What is Diflucan, imprisoned or have acid thrown in their faces by Hezbollah and Basiji thugs.

Sharia. Just the word to me is like a kick in the stomach, particularly when I hear it being mentioned favourably, Diflucan from canadian pharmacy. I know in this day and age of multiculturalism, Diflucan without prescription, it is not surprising to find tolerance for even the most intolerable of things, but, I still have to catch my breath when I hear the very word.

I suppose it is because I can not hear it without remembering sixteen-year-old Atefeh Rajabi hung for crimes against chastity; mother of three Maryam Ayoubi stoned to death for sex outside of marriage; Shirin Alam-Hoei who was sentenced to life in prison for enmity against God; and Neda Agha-Soltan who was shot dead at a June 2009 protest in Tehran, Diflucan recreational, and whose twentieth birthday would have been on January 23, Taking Diflucan, 2010.

Now, I know there are those who will say that these examples I give, or the many others we have come to know so well, Diflucan australia, uk, us, usa, are merely harsh interpretations of Sharia law -- that Sharia law is misunderstood, Diflucan description, and that it is not entirely medieval and draconian. But, one need only take a glance around the world to see the extent of its brutality.

To say it is misunderstood is merely an exercise in PR, which aims to make Sharia more palatable to a western audience and pave the way for its, at least partial, implementation in places like the United Kingdom, Buy Diflucan Without Prescription. The Islamists have no time for such niceties when you are living under their rule.

Of course Sharia law rulings on divorce and child custody are not the same as its rulings on stoning and amputation. Yet, Diflucan canada, mexico, india, even in civil matters, Cheap Diflucan no rx, a woman's testimony is worth half that of a man's; she does not have the right to child custody after a prescribed age regardless of the child's welfare. A woman has limited rights to divorce whereas men have unilateral rights to divorce. Men can marry up to four wives, purchase Diflucan online, and, Diflucan class, in the Shia tradition, have as many temporary wives as they want as well. Women can not even sign their own marriage contract; a male guardian must sign it on their behalf and so on and so forth.

Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, The misogyny behind a law that stones a woman to death, and one that denies her the right to divorce from a violent husband, is a matter of degree -- the fundamentals are the same. In fact, no prescription Diflucan online, the civil aspects of Sharia law are some of the pillars of women's oppression and the reason why so many have fled their homes and sought refuge elsewhere.

Clearly, Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, Sharia law is seen to be draconian because it is.

It is perceived to be misogynist, medieval and barbaric because it is.

And it is not just a question of interpretation. I have never seen an interpretation by Islamic feminists -- an oxymoron in my opinion -- that is suitable for the rights and freedoms worthy of twenty-first century humanity, where can i buy Diflucan online. It is only when it comes to religion in general and Islam in particular, Buy cheap Diflucan, that any nonsense can be passed as being pro people's rights.

One example we often hear of is regarding the verse in the Quran sanctioning violence against women. The feminists say that Islam only permits violence after admonishment and confinement and as a last resort and that since men would beat their wives mercilessly at that time, this is a restriction on men to beat women more mercifully.

How thoughtful, Diflucan forum. As if that is any consolation to the woman being beaten, Buy Diflucan Without Prescription. And as if condoning violence against women can be interpreted to be anything but. Purchase Diflucan for sale, The reality is that religion and women's rights are antithetical to and incompatible with each other. You can not defend both at the same time; you have to choose which one should and must take precedence.

Of course it is not just Islam that is such. This is true of all religions, is Diflucan addictive, which is why secularism and the separation of religion from the state, Order Diflucan no prescription, law and educational system as a minimum is so crucial. You can find just as much misogyny in the Bible Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, for example. But, Christianity in political power has been pushed back by an enlightenment so the pope or this or that archbishop does not decide if one lives or dies because of what they wear, Diflucan maximum dosage, believe, Diflucan description, say, do...

I think it is a cop-out to say that Sharia law is sacred guidance or rules for religious observation of Muslims, and, Diflucan over the counter, we should oppose the Islamists who seek to make it state law and not Sharia itself. Buy Diflucan from mexico, But, it is already the state law in many countries -- Iran, Iraq, purchase Diflucan for sale, Somalia, Kjøpe Diflucan på nett, köpa Diflucan online, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Diflucan images, Pakistan's Swat Valley, Cheap Diflucan, Aceh, a large part of Nigeria... and it is one of the tactics for the advancement of the Islamists everywhere.

In Afghanistan, canada, mexico, india, it is not enough that British troops are setting up informal Sharia councils and Sharia is the law of the land, Diflucan canada, mexico, india, but they have even established rape laws for Shia women, which states that a woman must have sex with her husband on demand whether she wants to or not. In liberated Iraq too, order Diflucan from United States pharmacy, a rapist can get off scot-free if he agrees to marry the woman he has just raped.

Wherever Sharia law is implemented -- whether fully in Somalia or in some sections in the UK -- it is the reflection of the strength and presence of the Islamists.

I am sorry but it is just not good enough to talk about Sharia as a personal matter in this day and age. Just because one wishes it to be so, does not make it such, Buy Diflucan Without Prescription. Diflucan interactions, And this is clearly not the case.

There is a world of difference between sexists and bigots who believe religion gives them the go ahead to think that gays are perverts and unveiled women whores and a state that puts those beliefs into laws, under which gays are executed and badly veiled women are fined, imprisoned or have acid thrown in their faces by Hezbollah and Basiji thugs, where to buy Diflucan. When this is the case, Diflucan dosage, speaking of personal beliefs is at best misleading.

This of course has nothing to do with attacking Muslims. There are many Muslims -- or those labelled as such -- who are opposed to Sharia law. After all, fast shipping Diflucan, they are most often than not the first victims and on the frontline of resistance. Iran is an excellent case in point where a revolutionary movement is bringing a pillar of political Islam to its knees.

Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, Whilst people have a right to their religious beliefs or atheism, you can not limit Sharia law to a personal matter when you are living through an inquisition. Diflucan from canadian pharmacy, Then, all of us are duty-bound to challenge it and push it back so that it does become the personal affair of adults.

As Mansoor Hekmat, the late Marxist thinker, Diflucan pics, said: “It has been proved time and time again that pushing back religiosity and religious reaction is not possible except through unequivocal defence of human values against religion. Order Diflucan online overnight delivery no prescription, It has been proved time and time again that preventing religious barbarism does not come about through bribing it and trying to give it a human face, but, through the fight against reactionary religious beliefs and practices. What price should be paid... to realise that Islam and religion do not have a progressive, supportable faction?”♦

Maryam Namazie -- rights activist, commentator, broadcaster -- is spokesperson for the One Law for All campaign.


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