April 25, 2011
Antabuse For Sale, [caption id="attachment_2430" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Omar-al-Bashir, president of Sudan: Photo by Jesse Awalt/US Navy."][/caption]
On January 30, I along with my brother Salah, a few of our friends and relatives took part in a peaceful youth demonstration (a right granted by the Sudanese constitution) on Qasr street in Khartoum. We were protesting against price hikes, tax increases, the state of the economy, Fast shipping Antabuse, corruption, the absence of basic rights and freedoms, and the general state of affairs in Sudan.
Within minutes, the demonstration was attacked by forces who were wearing riot police uniform. We suspect them to be costumed members of al-Amn, where can i order Antabuse without prescription, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), as we would later see boxes of police uniforms stashed away in an al-Amn office. Without provocation they laid into us with their batons taking particular joy in snatching and beating female protesters.
Two of our friends, Antabuse from canadian pharmacy, Salah, and I were arrested. Initially we were taken to a nearby al-Amn office, a few doors away from the Republican palace. Here, with arms raised, we were made to stand in the courtyard facing the wall while being whipped and beaten from behind, Antabuse For Sale. I quickly came to learn that this was al-Amn’s favoured position, Antabuse used for. They were not brave enough to face you, and were petrified of the idea of you seeing their faces.
When asked for my name, I gave it in full, Order Antabuse from mexican pharmacy, “Yousif Mubarak Abdullahi ElFadil ElMahdi.” Their reaction made it clear that I was already under their radar. Immediately they led me, alone, into the office of someone who seemed to be the officer in charge. Here, what is Antabuse, we went through an hour of good cop, bad cop. Antabuse For Sale, The boss would pretend to interrogate me, asking me questions like “Why did you participate in the protest?” or “How did you know that there was a protest today?” Then, he would suddenly leave the office before I even had a chance to answer his questions.
The door would then close and the remaining four officers would attack me – punching, slapping, and kicking. One of them hit me on the head with the leg of a chair. Comprar en línea Antabuse, comprar Antabuse baratos, While they were beating me, they were shouting all sorts of accusations, saying that they had been following me the night before when I supposedly organised a meeting to plot the downfall of the ruling National Congress party. I was actually in my home, plotting the downfall of Manchester United at the hands of Southampton in the FA cup, order Antabuse online c.o.d. I am not a very good plotter though – Manchester won (they always do).
I was further accused of plotting to install my father into power (an opposition leader, of the Umma Party); then, it was my uncle (Sadiq ElMahdi, Cheap Antabuse, former prime minister); then, it was my cousin Mariam Sadiq ElMahdi (one of the officers was gloating about how he had previously arrested her). One of them eventually came to the conclusion that I was actually planning to take over power myself, hence, I was given the nickname prime minister.
From here, we – I, Salah, one of our friends, and another protester – were transported to al-Amn’s political office in Bahri, north of Khartoum, Antabuse For Sale. I had not seen Salah for an hour. Now his arm was damaged – heavily swollen, likely dislocated, order Antabuse no prescription. He was clutching his shoulder.
In Bahri, we were made to crouch in front of a wall in the courtyard with our faces covered with pieces of cloth. Then, Antabuse cost, al-Amn officers took turns to insult and beat us. Antabuse For Sale, Anything went. We were punched, slapped, kicked, struck on the face, is Antabuse safe, head, arms, legs, Cheap Antabuse no rx, back, ribs, stomach, groin with whips, metal rods, purchase Antabuse online no prescription, and batons.
From the voices, I could tell there were about twenty of us. I recognised one of the voices as that of a friend who I did not know was arrested. Antabuse pictures, From what he was saying I could tell that his younger brother was also arrested. The beatings went on for about three or four hours. I could tell the time because both Zuhr (noon) and Asr (afternoon) prayer calls went off while we were being beaten, Antabuse For Sale. While crouched facing the wall, I could hear men screaming in agony. It was clear that they were being subjected to torture in rooms nearby.
Shortly after the Asr prayer call, Antabuse dangers, I was taken up to the second floor of a building where I was to be interrogated by three al-Amn officers. The interrogation was led by an officer named Sidoun. His interrogation lacked any structure or construction. Antabuse For Sale, For instance, he alleged sexual relations between two members of the Umma party – one a twenty-something male, the other a sixty-something grandmother – and asked me what I knew about that. Buy generic Antabuse, One of his colleagues asked me to recite surah al-Kafiroon, while another asked if I was a communist.
Once this amusing interrogation was over, I was again made to crouch facing a wall, this time in the second floor corridor. Here, purchase Antabuse online, I heard the voice of Mohamed Adil, another friend. Again, Ordering Antabuse online, I did not know that he was arrested. He was facing the adjacent wall and was clearly struggling. Later, I came to know that he had been electrocuted twice, Antabuse For Sale. He also contracted typhoid while in detention. Salah was also there, and the three of us were made to crouch in the corridor until the Asr prayer the following day, Antabuse maximum dosage. Almost twenty-four hours.
We were then led out of the building, across the courtyard and into a holding cell at the back of the compound. This makeshift cell (originally a generator shed) was actually a cage – around 8 x 3 meters in size, Antabuse without a prescription, with concrete floor and zinc roof. Antabuse For Sale, In this cell there were about forty males, mostly students, some as young as eighteen.
Those students had been beaten to a pulp, as was apparent from the blood on their torn shirts. Most could not even walk. One of them crawled over to me. I could tell he was in endless pain. He asked me to cushion his head on my thigh, about Antabuse, and then whispered “Did the demonstration take place, was it big?”
At that point, all I could think was how much heart those boys had. They were beaten almost to the point of disability and still wanted to know how the demonstration went, Antabuse For Sale. Antabuse alternatives, Their spirit was clearly not broken. It was clear that the majority of them had been arrested before the demonstration actually took place – most the night before, suspected of intending to participate.
That is how efficient al-Amn in Sudan is. They can actually read your mind and arrest you for intending something. As the day went by, Antabuse dose, I managed to quietly talk to most of the detainees. Antabuse For Sale, All of them had been tortured, in Bahri and at a number of other al-Amn offices that they were taken to before Bahri. Electrocution and brutal physical beatings were the common methods of torture for all of them. Some of them showed me injuries on their bodies where they were burnt with boiled sugar. Purchase Antabuse, A few were also stripped down totally naked and threatened with rape by an officer who would expose his genitals.
The first week we were there was the worst. We were deprived of sleep as anyone caught sleeping during the day would be beaten. Then, we were barred from using the toilet for long periods, depending on the mood of the duty officers, Antabuse For Sale. When we did get the chance to use the toilet, which was across the courtyard, officers would crowd around us kicking, Antabuse class, slapping, and insulting us on the way there and back. This also happened inside the cage. Antabuse coupon, Officers would come inside to attack and insult us.
We were given very little food. And there were absolutely no family phone calls, or contact with lawyers. Antabuse For Sale, Despite many being injured, ill, or both, there were no doctors. The worst treated were two Darfuri students, and a student belonging to the United Popular Forces, where can i cheapest Antabuse online, from Gezira. Those three were clearly singled out and accused of “attempting to give the Darfuri movements a national flavour.”
After the first week, Ibrahim Almaz, Antabuse long term, El-sir Gibreel Tiya, and other senior members of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) were brought into our cage. al-Amn captured them in Darfur. From that point, we were largely left alone as the JEM members took over the attention and ire of the officers.
Almaz and his comrades were blind-folded and cuffed at the arms and feet, after Antabuse. They were beaten endlessly with chains in front of our eyes; and, barred from using the toilet, sometimes for up to twenty-four hours, Antabuse For Sale. Every midnight, they were summoned and taken out of the cage. When they were returned to the cage a few hours later we could clearly see how badly they had been tortured. Online buying Antabuse, Gibreel Tiya had deep cuts on his feet which were swollen and looked infected.
Other Darfuris were also brought in and out at various times, from Kober and Dabak prisons where they had been held for twelve to thirty-six months. al-Amn accused them of being JEM loyalists. Antabuse For Sale, Most were middle-aged and old men who had been detained from all over Sudan. After talking to them, it was clear that their real crime was being somehow related to Khalil Ibrahim, order Antabuse from United States pharmacy, the leader of the JEM. Ironically, one of them was actually a member of the National Congress when he was arrested eighteen months ago.
One of them has twelve children (the eldest of them is twenty-two), Buying Antabuse online over the counter, and a wife back home in Halfa where he was arrested. The charges levelled against him were dropped by the prosecutor general over a year ago, on the grounds of lack of evidence. However, instead of releasing him, buy no prescription Antabuse online, al-Amn just renewed his detention. He is forty-eight, but you would swear he looked at least sixty, Antabuse For Sale. Almost three years of prison had clearly taken the toll but he would not accept any sympathy for his plight.
Another cuffed and blind-folded detainee was actually a soldier in the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) who was captured by JEM forces, and then recaptured by al-Amn during an attack on the JEM. Effects of Antabuse, As much as he tried to convince the al-Amn officers of his loyalty, it mattered little as he was from Darfur – a punishable offence in today’s Sudan.
The hatred, brutality, and prejudice those Darfuris were subjected to can not be fully described and all I could think was how in a million years would we be able to achieve peace in Darfur given the treatment meted out to its people by al-Amn. And this was not just in detention facilities, Antabuse gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, the officers regularly boasted of their conquests in Darfur – burning and pillaging villages.
On February 7, I was taken to my second interrogation, on my eighth day in detention. Antabuse recreational, This time I was interrogated by an officer named Fadlalla, from Kosti. Antabuse For Sale, The same officer who exposed his genitals to Mohamed Adil while threatening to rape him. That interrogation was stranger than the first one.
Fadlalla was playing solitaire on his computer. There were long pauses between his questions as he thought of what to ask next. His questions were ridiculous: “If you were to get married would your wife also participate in demonstrations?” Amused, australia, uk, us, usa, I responded that I could not answer that question since I had not met her yet. Then, he asked me to to predict whether she would or would not. You can imagine how the rest of the interrogation played out.
On February 13, a student member of the Democratic Unionist Party who had previously been arrested and released was re-arrested and brought back to our cage, Antabuse For Sale. Antabuse reviews, That was for disclosing, through his Facebook account, details of the torture endured by the detainees. He was made to kneel on his knees with his arms raised and his feet off the ground, for full afternoons, Antabuse overnight. A few days earlier, he underwent a surgery resulting from a car accident. At night, he was taken out of the cage, poured with freezing water and then beaten incessantly. We sat inside the cage helplessly listening to his groans and screams.
Antabuse For Sale, On February 16, the last day of my detention at al-Amn Bahri office, I was summoned to a final interrogation. This time I was interrogated by five al-Amn officers whom I did not encounter before. Each of them had a role to play: the conductor; the good guy; the bad guy; the silent guy who would occasionally quip, “This does not make any sense;” and, the tough guy who made the violent threats. The interrogation was split into two parts.
The first part was trying to implicate me as the organiser of the January 30 protest (supposedly, I was working according to my father’s instructions). They insisted that we were plotting in secret, holding clandestine meetings to attack the Republican palace in order to take over power. The funniest part was when they made reference to my birthday, January 29, and how holding the demonstration on January 30 confirmed that I was its organiser, Antabuse For Sale. When I laughed and offered, “Why not hold it on January 29 then,” I was told not to be smart.
The second part was an attempt to solicit information about my father with questions like “Tell us your father’s secrets,” or, “Play out an everyday conversation between you and your father.” Then, they started accusing me of being an economist, as if it was a crime. They continued, “Did your father ever ask you to prepare any economic papers for him?” Proudly I answered, “Yes.” For some reason they were shocked with my answer and fell silent before asking for examples.
I gave them some: “The effects of the global economic crisis on Sudan,” “The effects of South Sudan’s separation on North Sudan’s economy,” “Dutch disease in Sudan,” and various national budget evaluations. They asked me why he would want such information. I answered that he was a well-read man and liked to keep informed. Deep down, I wanted to say, “So that he can use it against you, silly.” One of them did that for me, exclaiming to his colleague, “He does economic spotting for his father, you idiot!”
Idiot he was, so were the rest of them.
That afternoon, I was released, feeling sad to leave so many behind. We are in an economic crisis and Sudan is faced with stagflation (one of the main reasons for demonstrating in the first place), due in very large part to the colossal amount of money allocated for feeding the intelligence services. For nothing – they are a complete farce.
Yousif ElMahdi is an economist and activist from Sudan.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011..
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April 25, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2447" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Photo by Jonathan Rashad."][/caption]
T Prozac For Sale, he nonviolent revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt dominated international news in early 2011. Given their adherence to the principles of nonviolence and massive public participation, Prozac from mexico, these revolutionary movements are unique and extraordinary, as we are told by the international media. The truth remains that they are in fact typical examples of the successful revolutions that took place over the last thirty years.
In these thirty years, Prozac used for, almost every successful revolution or uprising that forced the old regime to step down was nonviolent. Prozac description, Massive mobilisation of ordinary people on the streets, strikes, demonstrations, Prozac duration, and a wide variety of nonviolent techniques were employed to remove unpopular authoritarian regimes in country after country, Purchase Prozac for sale, while the many armed and violent guerilla movements of the time were mostly unsuccessful. This crucial fact is somewhat missing from the wide-ranging coverage of the events in Tunisia and Egypt. Also missing is a closer scrutiny of the influence (or the lack thereof) of external actors in these types of societal processes.
Here, I would like to analyse these movements and divide them into six groups, based on the types of international support received from a wide array of foreign actors, Prozac For Sale. There is no denying that each of these cases is unique and has its own background and context, Prozac samples. However, What is Prozac, they have a level of kinship that makes it tempting and reasonable to group them.
The first wave of popular nonviolent uprisings started with Poland and Solidarity, the trade union. The fight against the one-party communist system that started in 1980, buy Prozac from mexico, ended up in a victory in 1989. Buy Prozac without prescription, Bolivia, Uruguay, and the Philippines followed in 1982, order Prozac from mexican pharmacy, 1984, Low dose Prozac, and 1986. Prozac For Sale, For those movements to succeed, support from the international network of trade unions and the Catholic church was crucial.
In 1989-1991, we saw the next wave of peaceful revolutions in former Soviet republics and Eastern Europe. The fall of the Berlin wall became the symbol of those success stories. Relatively strong civil societies, no prescription Prozac online, access to Western media, Prozac over the counter, and economic problems of the crumbling states enabled the dismantling of one-party communist systems.
During the the same period (1989-1991), a number of countries in the French-speaking Sub-Saharan Africa went through similar processes of nonviolent regime change. It started with Benin and then spread to a handful of other countries, discount Prozac. A crucial element in those cases was the presence of broad-based coalitions in national assemblies to discuss and formulate the future of the states. Strong civil societies that cherished the ideals of the 1789 French revolution were key actors in those movements of change.
From 2000 onwards the coloured revolutions took place – starting in Serbia and then spreading to Georgia, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, and Lebanon, sparked by fraudulent national elections, Prozac For Sale. Prozac blogs, Foreign support – monetary, strategical, and technical – played noteworthy roles in those revolutions.
In response to the recent financial crisis, Prozac forum, many people across the globe reacted strongly and blamed their governments for lack of control. Prozac price, That was followed by successful demands for their resignation in Iceland, Latvia, Hungary, where can i order Prozac without prescription, and the Czech Republic. Where can i buy Prozac online, In those cases, typically large crowds of people gathered outside the parliament and stayed until the ruling leaders stepped down. Those protest movements did not receive any foreign support.
The most recent wave of revolutions against authoritarian regimes started in Tunisia and then Egypt, buy Prozac without a prescription. Prozac For Sale, As I am writing this, demonstrations calling for regime change are ongoing in Libya, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, Bahrain, Djibouti, Qatar, Algeria, Syria, Jordan, Yemen, Oman, and Kuwait, while Al Jazeera plays an important role as a source of information both inside and outside these countries. In most of these cases, Prozac results, little external support has been offered to opposition groups.
Western governments often boast that they are actively promoting democracy and freedom across the globe. Pro-democracy opposition groups in many places do receive overt and covert support from these governments. History gives us ample reasons to question the actual motivations behind some of such support.
In almost all cases, Prozac australia, uk, us, usa, democracy promotion and support to opposition groups are exclusively targeted against regimes that have hostile relationships with Western governments. Buy Prozac from canada, If the promotion and spreading of democracy was the goal (as advertised), then how do we explain this phenomenon?
In horrible dictatorships like Chile (in the 1980s), Saudi Arabia, Prozac online cod, Kuwait, Prozac pics, or Bahrain, no support was offered for opposition movements. Democracy export is only for unfriendly regimes hostile towards the United States or the European Union, Prozac For Sale. Then, buy cheap Prozac, electoral episodes in Algeria in 1990 and Palestine in 2006 indicate that Western governments are ready to support democracy only when friendly or acceptable groups are voted to power.
The case of Egypt in this context is a curious one. Prozac dosage, In 2009, the Obama administration cut down 75% ($50 million in 2008) of US funding for democracy promotion and civil society support in the country while pumping in $1.7 billion as annual support to the Mubarak regime. Human rights organisations and pro-democracy groups in Egypt were worst affected by those cuts, buy Prozac no prescription. Promoting democracy or pampering a US-friendly regime?
In Tunisia and Egypt, Prozac canada, mexico, india, public anger and frustration reached such a level where ordinary people had enough of poverty, emergency laws, censorship, Prozac price, coupon, police brutality, Online buy Prozac without a prescription, and corruption. Prozac For Sale, That was when they decided to confront the regime. In both these countries, Western support for the civil society and opposition groups was too little or none, Prozac schedule. It might well be the case that the lack of support from the outside world actually pushed the people to take desperate actions on the streets of Cairo and Tunis.
In fact, Prozac steet value, Western support may sometimes function as a safety valve, steaming out public anger and frustration. If or when people under oppressive regimes are given false hope of freedom or change, where can i find Prozac online, their frustration and hopelessness will not reach the level necessary for daring tough confrontations with the police forces of the regime. Buy cheap Prozac no rx, In countries where Western actors are providing support in the form of monetary donations, training, or educational programs, buy Prozac online no prescription, public frustration may not reach the level we saw in Tunisia, Online buying Prozac hcl, Egypt, Bahrain, Libya, kjøpe Prozac på nett, köpa Prozac online, or Yemen.
With external support comes false hope that makes people more willing to wait for a better future; or, Where to buy Prozac, in some cases, work for change within the constitutional framework of the country with or without success. On the other hand, the absence of such foreign support can grant a level of independence for democracy activists, as their activism would be free from external dictates and policy choices, leaving room for more creative and courageous approaches in their struggle for democracy and human rights.
If that is the case then the solution is not suspending support to pro-democracy groups, but to evaluate and rethink the strategies, based on the lessons learned from the recent developments in the Middle East.
I would like to argue that these should include more practical and strategical training with the aim of building strong grassroots movements, Prozac For Sale. Any civil society support should focus on preparations for large scale public demonstrations; how to handle riots; and, Prozac treatment, how to deal with police brutality.
This, of course, is not a new approach since manuals and handbooks for nonviolent struggle are already available in many languages and formats. Printed versions of these manuals are often smuggled into countries where pro-democracy groups are active. Also, PDF copies are downloaded from the web. In some countries, groups are even carrying out practical training sessions. Prozac For Sale, In other cases, these trainings are taking place in safe places abroad.
Revolutions take time. And when repressive regimes are successfully removed, serious problems arise as soon as the celebrations are over. The difficult task of replacing the old system is a crucial one. There are enormous differences between being in the opposition and being in position. That is why those who toppled the old regime, may not be best prepared to run the country.
In my work with opposition groups, I always stress the need for preparations for the future, when they will be responsible for building a new state and running it to the satisfaction of the people. Enormous difficulties always wait for them, Prozac For Sale. The economy is often in ruins, and old problems like unemployment and corruption are just as high as the expectations of the newly-liberated people.
Lack of training, absence of workable ideas on how to run a good society are often combined with the short supply of tolerance and patience of the masses. In the long run, a revolution is judged, not on how the people celebrated the departure of the despots, but on how the new society functions months and years after the takeover. That is why we will have to wait for sometime, for a full-blown analysis on Tunisia and Egypt.
Peaceful revolutions are not completely spontaneous. In every case, there are opposition groups who work years or months ahead of the public uprisings, for example the April 6 youth movement in Egypt. As was the case in Egypt, revolutions also take time. In Poland, it took nine years of struggle before the one-party communist regime gave in. In South Africa, it took at least forty years to end the apartheid.
Activists in Burma, Belarus, Kazakhstan and many other places – their time is yet to come. And, anyone eager to support their struggle need to note that good intentions are not enough, external actors must have good skills as well, based on serious and critical studies of the revolutions of our time.
Jørgen Johansen is an academic, writer, and peace activist.
This article was written and submitted before the international intervention in Libya.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011..
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April 25, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2386" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Photo by Laihiuyeung Ryanne/CC-BY"][/caption]
D Advair For Sale, ecember 10 is the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel, and also the day Nobel prizes are awarded. In 2010, when for the first time a Chinese national was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, many from China gathered in Oslo to attend the prize-giving ceremony, to celebrate. I was also invited to join the festivities – an invitation I turned down.
I have known Liu Xiaobo, australia, uk, us, usa, the laureate, for a long time. Longer than many of those who gathered in Oslo that day to show their support for him. It all started in the summer of 1988 when Liu and I became colleagues for a few months, Is Advair addictive, in an academic project at the University of Oslo. Liu was invited for lectures, Advair For Sale. As he did not speak any foreign language, I also helped him as an interpreter.
In 2001, I and a number of exiled Chinese writers, along with few dissident writers still in China, founded the Independent Chinese PEN Centre (ICPC), Advair interactions. Liu was one of those in China. That same year ICPC was accepted as a chapter of International PEN. Since 2003, Liu and I worked together to lead ICPC – Liu as the president in Beijing, Advair used for, and I as the vice-president and the general secretary, working from exile. Advair For Sale, After one term as the general secretary, I became the international secretary, press secretary, and spokesperson for ICPC. During that time, Liu and I kept close daily contact.
So, Liu Xiaobo and I are old comrades. And as an ICPC comrade, Advair description, I should have travelled to Oslo to attend the ceremony and cheer for Liu, when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. However, I declined the invitation from Oslo, Herbal Advair, and instead of going west from Sweden, flew east to Helsinki.
Instead of Oslo, I accepted an invitation from Amnesty International Finland, to join them in Helsinki. Because, December 10 is also the International Human Rights Day, Advair pictures. For the day, I had no intention to wear a Tuxedo and raise a glass of champagne, celebrating the first Chinese national getting the Nobel Peace Prize, Advair For Sale. Despite the success of an old ICPC comrade, I decided to join the International Human Rights Day celebration in Helsinki, and talk about the human rights situation in China.
I feared that when the whole world would focus on Liu Xiaobo and the peace prize in Oslo, the many other prisoners of conscience rotting behind the bars in China would fall under a dark shadow for a long time to come. Online buying Advair hcl, I feared that all those political prisoners in China would be neglected and forgotten easily, when the spotlight of the Nobel prize would focus on one winner, one Liu Xiaobo.
Indeed, there is a long list of forgotten Chinese political prisoners: Wang Bingzhang, Gao Zhisheng, Hu Jia, where can i find Advair online, Huang Qi, Chen Guangcheng, Guo Quan, Shi Tao, Purchase Advair, Zheng Yichun, and the list will grow only longer. There are many cases, where political prisoners are released on bail for very poor health conditions, or released only after serving the full lengths of their sentences. They too are under persecution: Yan Zhengxue, Advair no rx, Li Hong, Qin Yongmin, Hada. Advair For Sale, Qin and Hada, for example, were released after spending twelve and fifteen years in prison.
All of these prisoners of conscience are outstanding individuals. All of them have devoted themselves for the struggle of democracy, Buy Advair no prescription, freedom, and human rights in China. And for their extraordinary efforts, based on their conscience, beliefs, and ideals, where can i cheapest Advair online, they had to pay the price. Borrowing words from the press release of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee on Liu Xiaobo, each of them can be described as “the foremost symbol of the wide ranging struggle for human rights in China.”
For example, I can mention Wang Bingzhang. Advair pics, He earned a degree in medicine from the prestigious McGill University in Canada. If he focused only on his own life and career as a professional doctor, he could have lived a rich and secure life in great comfort, Advair For Sale. Instead he devoted himself to the struggle for democracy in China – founding the first Chinese Democratic Union, in 1982. After decades of struggle, he has now been awarded life imprisonment – a sentence much severe than Liu Xiaobo’s eleven years. His family in Canada – wife and Children – can not see him in prison.
There are people who say that the prize for Liu Xiaobo is not for him only, Advair brand name, but a symbolic award to the Chinese people, to everyone – one medal is enough for everyone. I say, one medal is just not enough. There are people who describe the peace prize as a bomb thrown at the dictators in China Advair For Sale, . Advair recreational, If that is the case then, I say, more bombs like this can lead to the collapse of the regime.
Today, China is divided between different political ideologies, split into different factions where many dissidents like Wang Bingzhang do not toe the same line as Liu Xiaobo. That is why, where can i order Advair without prescription, contrary to the claims made by the Norwegian Nobel committee, Liu can hardly become the one symbol for such a wide and split range of Chinese struggle.
Liu Xiaobo is now well-known for his moderate approach towards the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). As we read his 2009 trial statement, I have no enemies. Advair price, That translates to the fact that even the CCP is not his enemy. But I know that Wang Bingzhang and many other Chinese dissidents definitely regard the CCP as the worst enemy of democracy and freedom in China, Advair For Sale. In his statement, Liu says that the human rights situation in China has made “macro level progress,” and the prison is “humanised,” where he can receive full respect from all officers. But there are prisoners of conscience who suffer torture and never get any respect in the prison, Advair for sale, such as lawyer Gao Zhisheng. As we often say, some get carrots, some get sticks.
Some Norwegian friends told me that they did not know much about Wang Bingzhang or Gao Zhisheng. Advair photos, I can understand why. Advair For Sale, Most of the Chinese political prisoners do not have access to resources, and are not so well-known internationally. Wang or Gao are not even in the case-list of International PEN’s Writers in Prison Committee, since the committee only focuses on writers, not on all prisoners of conscience.
To make matters worse, their straightforward position against the CCP often scares the Western governments. Western foundations or government agencies actually shy away from financing them or their organisations, order Advair no prescription. On the other side, Liu Xiaobo and his faction have the resources and are well financed by US or European funds, given their moderate position on the CCP.
Then, how is the human rights situation in China now. Advair no prescription, Has the symbolic Nobel Peace Prize given to well-connected Liu Xiaobo changed the situation in Chinese prisons. Or, has it just fuelled the illusion that mainland China would one day evolve into a democracy, and the CCP would crumble like the former Soviet Communist Party?
There are people who say to me, “You have left China many years back, and do not understand the situation there.” I retort back that people inside China can not even obtain information freely, people in one province there do not know what happens in another province, Advair For Sale. They can not say that they know the country better than me. For people like me outside China, there is a website called Human Rights Defenders, with correspondents across China. They send out daily email briefings reporting the latest and local incidents of human rights violations in the country, Advair alternatives. I think that their work is very significant, and they too are worthy of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Due to the illusions surrounding the CCP, and the idea that mainland China will one day manage to evolve into a democracy, Western governments generally adopt a policy of appeasement, Order Advair online overnight delivery no prescription, yielding to the pressure from China. Advair For Sale, These governments focus only on immediate economic benefits. They carry out superficial human rights dialogue with China without any follow-up on effects and results.
Western actors wish that there would be leaders like Gorbachev or Yeltsin inside the CCP, who can drive a political reform leading China towards a sustainable democracy. This is also why they do not back Chinese dissidents like Wang Bingzhang, who advocate the overthrow of the CCP. They only back those dissidents who toe a moderate line, Advair from canadian pharmacy, and advocate for moderate improvements, such as Liu Xiaobo. Irony is, even the moderates are now facing hard persecution and heavy penalties. In 2009, Liu Xiaobo was sentenced to eleven years in prison, even after immense criticism from foreign actors, particularly the US, Advair For Sale. Advair images, That showdown by the Chinese government made clear indications that China does not care about international criticisms.
The peace prize award ceremony in Oslo itself is another evidence of China’s indifference to Western opinion. Liu Xiaobo, touted as the symbol of the Chinese struggle for democracy, is still a Chinese political prisoner serving a prison sentence. He could not reach Oslo to receive the award in person, not even family members were allowed to travel abroad to attend the ceremony, buy Advair without a prescription. Almost all the invited guests from China were stopped by the Chinese police. Advair For Sale, Many writers, artists, academics, and lawyers were barred from travelling overseas for conferences. A writer friend from Beijing told me that he was barred from travelling inside the country or aboard until the end of January 2011.
On December 10, when the whole world was calling for the release of Liu Xiaobo and other political prisoners in China, the stubborn dictators of the country continued to stand against the world. Order Advair online c.o.d, Liu told his wife that he wished to read his trial statement, I have no enemies, as the thanking speech in Oslo. It was read there on that day. In my opinion, the struggle for democracy in China is not limited to any “I” or a single person, online buy Advair without a prescription. Whether he has enemies or not, is insignificant and irrelevant, Advair For Sale. What really matters is whether the people of China have enemies or not. And yes, they do. In all fights for freedom, Where can i buy cheapest Advair online, there are always enemies of freedom.
The greatest human disaster in the twentieth century was the one-party communist rule in many countries, which resulted in the deaths of millions of people, many times more than the number of people killed by the German fascists. This fact is already established, for example, in the famous book, Advair duration, The black book of communism. Advair For Sale, Today, only a few countries in the world are under communist rule, as the world has rejected this authoritarian system. Communism is the enemy of democracy, the enemy of freedom.
In China, the CCP remains the enemy of freedom, Advair without prescription, the enemy of human rights, the enemy of people power. One can not claim, “I have no enemies,” if one loves freedom and longs for human rights, if one remembers the torture of comrades in prisons.
As I denounce the CCP as the enemy and talk about those hardcore anti-regime political prisoners in China, Advair blogs, I know that some might wonder if I do not see the macro-progress China is making. A Swedish professor, who is in friendly terms with the Chinese government, phoned me recently to express his frustration about a CNN interview of a Chinese artist, Buy generic Advair, Ai WeiWei. He found it unfair and incorrect that Chinese intellectuals like Ai Weiwei criticise the regime so fiercely, “Can you not see that China has made great progress?”
I know that this argument of Chinese progress is actually propagated by the CCP and its friends, in response to criticism from all sides. If you, for once, concede that China has made some progress in some minute levels, all other criticisms of the regime would then be treated as wrong and unfair, Advair For Sale. This is because the touting of Chinese progress is actually part of the compromise formula where the CCP can easily change from foe to friend.
The question of China making progress or not is misleading, since even if the country has made some progress somewhere it can not rob the Chinese intellectuals off their right and responsibility of criticising the regime, kjøpe Advair på nett, köpa Advair online. Finland has made progress, Sweden has made progress, and we do not expect Swedish or Finnish intellectuals to give up their right to criticise their governments. And, Get Advair, unlike China, we do not see them being arrested and put to prison for exercising their rights either.
On the question of progress, if economic development is the only indicator, while there is no improvement in terms of basic human rights, then the future looks more dangerous. Nazi Germany is a good example as it made great economic progress, Advair natural. Advair For Sale, However, the Nazi dictators robbed the people off their rights and freedoms, pushing the Jewish population into concentration camps. Like Nazi Germany, China can also go into a dangerous direction if there is only economic progress. Those who only think of their own interests, and those who stand to profit from cheap Chinese labour, Advair without a prescription, will praise the progress in China and ignore the actual human rights situation in China.
The question of human rights in China is a qualitative one, not quantitative. A few years back, I was attending a panel discussion on the human rights situation in China, during the Göteborg Book Fair. I invoked the case of a dog with a rope tied to its neck, Advair trusted pharmacy reviews. That rope could be loosened from one metre to two metres, three metres, five metres, and even ten metres, Advair For Sale. Even when the other end of the rope is tied to a pole, the dog may feel that its freedom to move has increased tremendously, and this could be seen as great progress for the dog. However, Real brand Advair online, this only would be a quantitative change. For freedom, the dog has to get rid of the rope all together. It is the same for us humans. Advair For Sale, If we want freedom, we need to cut away the rope. We must get rid of the shackles even if they are plated in gold; we must get out of the prison even if it is remodelled as a garden. That is the principle of freedom, a qualitative question.
The human rights situation in China requires qualitative changes. This can only be achieved through a complete end to China’s one-party dictatorship. And, this change is not about the release of Liu Xiaobo, or one famous prisoner. It is about the people of China and their right to freedom and democracy. And no single symbolic prize can earn them the freedom, unless each of the prisoners of conscience is released and recognised.
Chen Maiping – writer, translator – is one of the founders of Independent Chinese PEN.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011.
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