May 20, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2841" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Photo courtesy Teresa Maffeis/RESF"][/caption]
S Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, omeone once told me that if you are under thirty and not a leftist, you have no heart, while if you are over thirty and still a leftist, you have no brains. Even though it makes less and less sense to talk about left and right politics these days, Rx free Zithromax, I have despised the proverb ever since. Thus, on my thirtieth birthday, purchase Zithromax, I made a point of attending a leftist (or actually humanist) rally.
It was in Nice, Real brand Zithromax online, France. The organiser was Réseau Education Sans Frontières – education without borders – RESF, a nation-wide organisation that protects refugee or migrant families at risk of deportation, Zithromax gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. This risk can be due to various reasons – such as the French government’s aim to deport a set number of people each year, Zithromax price, coupon, more or less with no regard to their specific situations.
Politically, Nice and its département, Alpes-Maritimes, Zithromax dosage, comprise a somewhat special part of France where the extreme nationalist party, Zithromax overnight, Front National (FN), enjoys great electoral support. However, there is also strong resistance.
I happened to be in Nice in 2002, when Jean-Marie Le Pen, the then-president of the Front National, went on to the second round of the presidential elections, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Le Pen had received the most votes in Nice proper, Zithromax photos, but thousands of people filled the central square that night when the results were announced, Order Zithromax from mexican pharmacy, to protest against the FN. The second round of the elections saw Jacques Chirac as the victor.
A few days before I attended the RESF rally on March 22, the FN had won between 21%-35% of the vote in the first round of cantonal elections in the region – more than ever before, Zithromax without prescription. This high support for the FN was in part due to a low turn-out at the elections, Zithromax steet value, although that of course is not the entire explanation.
A week later, the second round of the elections took place. This time with a much poorer outcome for the FN, online Zithromax without a prescription, which ended up not having any of its candidates elected into office. Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, So Nice seems to repeatedly find itself in such push-and-pull situations with the extreme right-wing. Zithromax no rx, In light of the results of the cantonal elections only days earlier, it was extra-important for me to be there with RESF.
RESF emerged in Paris, after the school holidays in summer 2006, what is Zithromax, when French parents discovered that their children had lost many classmates. Is Zithromax safe, They had been deported during the summer, when no one noticed. The parents got organised into RESF, is Zithromax addictive, and the organisation grew very quickly. Buy Zithromax without prescription, It now also enjoys the support of a number of celebrities.
When a family is known to be at risk of deportation, RESF forms a circle of protection around the family made up of godfathers and godmothers – people who work on raising awareness about the situation and getting the necessary papers so that the family can stay. The children involved in many of these cases are born in France and know no other home.
I spoke to sixty-four-year-old Annie and seventy-six-year-old Aloys Carton – a retired couple active in the Alpes-Maritimes chapter of RESF since the beginning, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. According to them, Zithromax used for, there are more than 500 people on the mailing list of their chapter, Buy cheap Zithromax no rx, people who are active in the network to varying degrees.
RESF in Nice has been organising circles of silence every Tuesday for three years. For half an hour, the activists stand in a circle in the largest central square, Zithromax natural, Place Masséna, Buy Zithromax no prescription, holding banners and posters, while a few of them hand out leaflets to passers-by.
This method was introduced by the Franciscan priest Alain Richard, who in 2007 formed the first circle of silence to draw attention to the plight of undocumented migrants in a detention centre outside Toulouse, Zithromax canada, mexico, india. This is based on the philosophy of nonviolence and has spread all over the country and beyond. Taking Zithromax, Now, there are about 160 regular circles of silence across France.
“When everybody talks, no one listens, australia, uk, us, usa. Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, So, we stand silent,” Aloys replied when I asked him about the reason RESF chose this method. It definitely draws attention, Where to buy Zithromax, as I was able to witness first-hand.
The reactions of the passers-by vary, I was told. However, where can i cheapest Zithromax online, most people agree that when children are involved, Zithromax results, it is objectionable to treat the families the way they are treated. That evening I encountered only positive reactions from people who stopped by the circle. Some of them walked around the entire circle to read the posters carried by the activists.
As I looked around, effects of Zithromax, everyone was perfectly silent and solemn – I was proud to be there, Zithromax samples, and the thirty minutes flew by. After the event, Annie and Aloys told me about some of the cases the organisation had been involved in.
Like the case of a Nigerian girl from Dijon who was handcuffed by the police and transferred to a detention centre for undocumented migrants in Nice, on her eighteenth birthday, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Her aunt – a French citizen – was not even notified. Why would they take her so far away like that, online buying Zithromax hcl, I asked – because the police realised that their job was much easier when people they detain had no one there with them, Purchase Zithromax online no prescription, Annie told me.
Luckily, RESF in Dijon quickly found out what had happened, and passed the information on to RESF in Nice, about Zithromax, which then made sure the girl was released, Buy generic Zithromax, given a bed to sleep and a ticket back to Dijon. Annie could not tell me what happened to the girl afterwards.
RESF tries to raise awareness in many ways – publishing educational materials, books, where can i buy cheapest Zithromax online, and music. Buy Zithromax online cod, They have combated ethnic profiling of students; convinced schools to ban the police from arresting students on their premises; provided shelter for those in need; and, even made efforts to keep vigil around schools where they knew there were children at risk of being picked up by the police and getting deported.
But the police and other government agencies have learned to circumvent the efforts of networks like RESF. Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, For one, their resources are much greater than the activists’. Apart from transporting people to far off detention centres so that they have no one to stand by them, Zithromax street price, the police started using charter or military planes to carry out the deportations. Zithromax price, Lesson learned after passengers and pilots of commercial planes started protesting deportation of people against their will.
Many local officials in Nice are also being aggressive or unpleasant, and even threatening RESF with legal action – “for the crime of solidarity,” as Aloys told me, Zithromax mg. “In 1998, Zithromax treatment, a group of us helped some Kosovar refugees and the then-prefect of Nice invited us to thank us. Now we are doing the same thing, but what do we get, Zithromax dangers. Threats.”
The struggle is still steep ahead, but by now certain things have become slightly easier, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. The network is broad and strong and communicates well. It cooperates with other similar networks. After a rough start, the French media is now more willing to listen to what the group has to say. RESF had made a name for itself.
As we parted, I told Annie about the much hated proverb dealing with leftists over thirty. She nodded towards her husband, “look at him, he is seventy-six and still leftist.” Then, she smiled, “You have got nothing to worry about, dear!”
Amila Jašarević is a human rights activist and writer..
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May 19, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2817" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Nedim Şener: Photo by IPI/David Reali."][/caption]
I Amoxicillin For Sale, n a study released in early April, the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) representative on freedom of the media, Dunja Mijatović, reported that fifty-seven journalists are currently in prison in Turkey, mostly on the basis of the country’s anti-terrorism laws.
With eleven more Turkish journalists also facing charges, the total number could soon double the records of Iran and China, each of which reportedly held thirty-four journalists in prison in December 2010. Amoxicillin description, Indeed, Mijatović estimated that another 700-1000 proceedings against journalists remain ongoing.
Such a situation is intolerable anywhere, Amoxicillin interactions, My Amoxicillin experience, but particularly in a democracy that seeks European Union membership, and that recognises freedom of expression as a fundamental right, Amoxicillin class. Comprar en línea Amoxicillin, comprar Amoxicillin baratos, Turkey’s behaviour thus calls into question not only its desire but also its ability to commit to the values underlying the EU.
Journalists linked to Kurdish or Marxist organisations have regularly been targeted under Turkey’s anti-terrorism laws, and the OSCE study found that they have faced some of the harshest punishments, Amoxicillin from canadian pharmacy. Amoxicillin trusted pharmacy reviews, One Kurdish journalist was sentenced to 166 years in prison. Others currently face – wait for it – 3000-year sentences if convicted.
The relative lack of scrutiny of Turkey’s treatment of journalists by many in the West has changed, buy no prescription Amoxicillin online, Amoxicillin images, however, owing to the recent waves of arrests in the so-called Ergenekon case, Amoxicillin alternatives. Numerous military officers and academics have been implicated in that case, which involves an alleged plot by secular ultra-nationalists to overthrow the Turkish government, Amoxicillin For Sale. Order Amoxicillin no prescription, The probe has now turned increasingly towards journalists.
One of those accused of participating in the plot is the daily newspaper Milliyet’s investigative reporter Nedim Şener, whose work includes a book about links between security forces and the 2007 murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink.
The International Press Institute (IPI) named Şener a World Press Freedom Hero
in 2010, Amoxicillin reviews
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Another journalist under fire is Ahmet Şık, who already faced prosecution for co-writing a book criticising the government’s crackdown on the Ergenekon plot, Amoxicillin wiki. Ordering Amoxicillin online, Şık was said to be working on a book about the alleged influence of an Islamic group within Turkey’s police force, which authorities ordered confiscated before it could be printed.
A common thread in all of the cases targeting journalists is that the alleged facts are shrouded in secrecy, where can i order Amoxicillin without prescription, Amoxicillin over the counter, and the authorities have declined to release any evidence of crimes or criminal organisations. Amoxicillin For Sale, Worse still, they have declined even to inform those brought before courts – sometimes in secret – or their attorneys of the charges they face.
Indeed, journalists caught in this Kafkaesque affair can expect to spend years behind bars before being allowed to respond to the accusations against them. A climate of fear escalates with each raid and arrest.
Meanwhile, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, Buy Amoxicillin from canada, Turkish authorities affirm the country’s commitment to press freedom, even as they impugn the motives of those who exercise it, Amoxicillin pictures. Get Amoxicillin, Given that so many journalists have been jailed, and that all of them have been critical of the government, discount Amoxicillin, Canada, mexico, india, it is difficult to avoid the conclusion that journalists are being targeted because of their work.
Such concern has been voiced not only by press-freedom groups such as IPI, and journalists, Amoxicillin duration, Buy Amoxicillin from mexico, like the Freedom for Journalists Platform (an umbrella group representing local and national media organisations in Turkey), but also by respected international institutions.
The United States’ Mission to the OSCE and the European Commission have joined Mijatović in calling on Turkey’s authorities to stop their intimidation of the media immediately, order Amoxicillin online overnight delivery no prescription
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, and to uphold basic OSCE media freedom commitments. The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has called on Turkey to guarantee freedom of opinion and expression, where can i find Amoxicillin online
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Even Turkey’s president, Abdullah Gül, kjøpe Amoxicillin på nett, köpa Amoxicillin online, Amoxicillin schedule, recently called for “prosecutors and courts to be more diligent in pursuing their responsibilities, and to act in a way that does not harm the honour and rights of the people.”
Turkey plays a pivotal, Amoxicillin australia, uk, us, usa, Purchase Amoxicillin for sale, bridge-building role between East and West, and the country has been praised for demonstrating that democracy can coexist with Islam, Amoxicillin for sale. But the arrests of so many journalists are eroding this image.
The right of journalists to cover sensitive topics, including national security, is fundamental, Amoxicillin For Sale. No prescription Amoxicillin online, Those who do not engage in criminal activity should not face arrest, imprisonment, fast shipping Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin online cod, or any other form of harassment or intimidation for doing their job. Those accused of criminal activity must be given due process and a fair trial, buy Amoxicillin without a prescription. Evidence must be provided, and the accused must be presented with the charges they face and the opportunity to defend themselves.
Far from being defamatory subversives, journalists who investigate and criticise their government’s actions demonstrate true patriotism, because no democracy can survive without the open and independent assessment of public policies that journalists provide.
If Turkey, a major regional power with an ancient cultural heritage, truly wishes to be welcomed into Europe, to take its rightful place on the world stage, and, indeed, to remain a democracy, its leaders must not hold freedom of the press in contempt.
Alison Bethel McKenzie is director of International Press Institute.
Steven M Ellis is press freedom adviser of International Press Institute.
© Project Syndicate..
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April 25, 2011
Antabuse For Sale, [caption id="attachment_2430" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Omar-al-Bashir, president of Sudan: Photo by Jesse Awalt/US Navy."][/caption]
On January 30, I along with my brother Salah, a few of our friends and relatives took part in a peaceful youth demonstration (a right granted by the Sudanese constitution) on Qasr street in Khartoum. We were protesting against price hikes, tax increases, the state of the economy, Fast shipping Antabuse, corruption, the absence of basic rights and freedoms, and the general state of affairs in Sudan.
Within minutes, the demonstration was attacked by forces who were wearing riot police uniform. We suspect them to be costumed members of al-Amn, where can i order Antabuse without prescription, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), as we would later see boxes of police uniforms stashed away in an al-Amn office. Without provocation they laid into us with their batons taking particular joy in snatching and beating female protesters.
Two of our friends, Antabuse from canadian pharmacy, Salah, and I were arrested. Initially we were taken to a nearby al-Amn office, a few doors away from the Republican palace. Here, with arms raised, we were made to stand in the courtyard facing the wall while being whipped and beaten from behind, Antabuse For Sale. I quickly came to learn that this was al-Amn’s favoured position, Antabuse used for. They were not brave enough to face you, and were petrified of the idea of you seeing their faces.
When asked for my name, I gave it in full, Order Antabuse from mexican pharmacy, “Yousif Mubarak Abdullahi ElFadil ElMahdi.” Their reaction made it clear that I was already under their radar. Immediately they led me, alone, into the office of someone who seemed to be the officer in charge. Here, what is Antabuse, we went through an hour of good cop, bad cop. Antabuse For Sale, The boss would pretend to interrogate me, asking me questions like “Why did you participate in the protest?” or “How did you know that there was a protest today?” Then, he would suddenly leave the office before I even had a chance to answer his questions.
The door would then close and the remaining four officers would attack me – punching, slapping, and kicking. One of them hit me on the head with the leg of a chair. Comprar en línea Antabuse, comprar Antabuse baratos, While they were beating me, they were shouting all sorts of accusations, saying that they had been following me the night before when I supposedly organised a meeting to plot the downfall of the ruling National Congress party. I was actually in my home, plotting the downfall of Manchester United at the hands of Southampton in the FA cup, order Antabuse online c.o.d. I am not a very good plotter though – Manchester won (they always do).
I was further accused of plotting to install my father into power (an opposition leader, of the Umma Party); then, it was my uncle (Sadiq ElMahdi, Cheap Antabuse, former prime minister); then, it was my cousin Mariam Sadiq ElMahdi (one of the officers was gloating about how he had previously arrested her). One of them eventually came to the conclusion that I was actually planning to take over power myself, hence, I was given the nickname prime minister.
From here, we – I, Salah, one of our friends, and another protester – were transported to al-Amn’s political office in Bahri, north of Khartoum, Antabuse For Sale. I had not seen Salah for an hour. Now his arm was damaged – heavily swollen, likely dislocated, order Antabuse no prescription. He was clutching his shoulder.
In Bahri, we were made to crouch in front of a wall in the courtyard with our faces covered with pieces of cloth. Then, Antabuse cost, al-Amn officers took turns to insult and beat us. Antabuse For Sale, Anything went. We were punched, slapped, kicked, struck on the face, is Antabuse safe, head, arms, legs, Cheap Antabuse no rx, back, ribs, stomach, groin with whips, metal rods, purchase Antabuse online no prescription, and batons.
From the voices, I could tell there were about twenty of us. I recognised one of the voices as that of a friend who I did not know was arrested. Antabuse pictures, From what he was saying I could tell that his younger brother was also arrested. The beatings went on for about three or four hours. I could tell the time because both Zuhr (noon) and Asr (afternoon) prayer calls went off while we were being beaten, Antabuse For Sale. While crouched facing the wall, I could hear men screaming in agony. It was clear that they were being subjected to torture in rooms nearby.
Shortly after the Asr prayer call, Antabuse dangers, I was taken up to the second floor of a building where I was to be interrogated by three al-Amn officers. The interrogation was led by an officer named Sidoun. His interrogation lacked any structure or construction. Antabuse For Sale, For instance, he alleged sexual relations between two members of the Umma party – one a twenty-something male, the other a sixty-something grandmother – and asked me what I knew about that. Buy generic Antabuse, One of his colleagues asked me to recite surah al-Kafiroon, while another asked if I was a communist.
Once this amusing interrogation was over, I was again made to crouch facing a wall, this time in the second floor corridor. Here, purchase Antabuse online, I heard the voice of Mohamed Adil, another friend. Again, Ordering Antabuse online, I did not know that he was arrested. He was facing the adjacent wall and was clearly struggling. Later, I came to know that he had been electrocuted twice, Antabuse For Sale. He also contracted typhoid while in detention. Salah was also there, and the three of us were made to crouch in the corridor until the Asr prayer the following day, Antabuse maximum dosage. Almost twenty-four hours.
We were then led out of the building, across the courtyard and into a holding cell at the back of the compound. This makeshift cell (originally a generator shed) was actually a cage – around 8 x 3 meters in size, Antabuse without a prescription, with concrete floor and zinc roof. Antabuse For Sale, In this cell there were about forty males, mostly students, some as young as eighteen.
Those students had been beaten to a pulp, as was apparent from the blood on their torn shirts. Most could not even walk. One of them crawled over to me. I could tell he was in endless pain. He asked me to cushion his head on my thigh, about Antabuse, and then whispered “Did the demonstration take place, was it big?”
At that point, all I could think was how much heart those boys had. They were beaten almost to the point of disability and still wanted to know how the demonstration went, Antabuse For Sale. Antabuse alternatives, Their spirit was clearly not broken. It was clear that the majority of them had been arrested before the demonstration actually took place – most the night before, suspected of intending to participate.
That is how efficient al-Amn in Sudan is. They can actually read your mind and arrest you for intending something. As the day went by, Antabuse dose, I managed to quietly talk to most of the detainees. Antabuse For Sale, All of them had been tortured, in Bahri and at a number of other al-Amn offices that they were taken to before Bahri. Electrocution and brutal physical beatings were the common methods of torture for all of them. Some of them showed me injuries on their bodies where they were burnt with boiled sugar. Purchase Antabuse, A few were also stripped down totally naked and threatened with rape by an officer who would expose his genitals.
The first week we were there was the worst. We were deprived of sleep as anyone caught sleeping during the day would be beaten. Then, we were barred from using the toilet for long periods, depending on the mood of the duty officers, Antabuse For Sale. When we did get the chance to use the toilet, which was across the courtyard, officers would crowd around us kicking, Antabuse class, slapping, and insulting us on the way there and back. This also happened inside the cage. Antabuse coupon, Officers would come inside to attack and insult us.
We were given very little food. And there were absolutely no family phone calls, or contact with lawyers. Antabuse For Sale, Despite many being injured, ill, or both, there were no doctors. The worst treated were two Darfuri students, and a student belonging to the United Popular Forces, where can i cheapest Antabuse online, from Gezira. Those three were clearly singled out and accused of “attempting to give the Darfuri movements a national flavour.”
After the first week, Ibrahim Almaz, Antabuse long term, El-sir Gibreel Tiya, and other senior members of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) were brought into our cage. al-Amn captured them in Darfur. From that point, we were largely left alone as the JEM members took over the attention and ire of the officers.
Almaz and his comrades were blind-folded and cuffed at the arms and feet, after Antabuse. They were beaten endlessly with chains in front of our eyes; and, barred from using the toilet, sometimes for up to twenty-four hours, Antabuse For Sale. Every midnight, they were summoned and taken out of the cage. When they were returned to the cage a few hours later we could clearly see how badly they had been tortured. Online buying Antabuse, Gibreel Tiya had deep cuts on his feet which were swollen and looked infected.
Other Darfuris were also brought in and out at various times, from Kober and Dabak prisons where they had been held for twelve to thirty-six months. al-Amn accused them of being JEM loyalists. Antabuse For Sale, Most were middle-aged and old men who had been detained from all over Sudan. After talking to them, it was clear that their real crime was being somehow related to Khalil Ibrahim, order Antabuse from United States pharmacy, the leader of the JEM. Ironically, one of them was actually a member of the National Congress when he was arrested eighteen months ago.
One of them has twelve children (the eldest of them is twenty-two), Buying Antabuse online over the counter, and a wife back home in Halfa where he was arrested. The charges levelled against him were dropped by the prosecutor general over a year ago, on the grounds of lack of evidence. However, instead of releasing him, buy no prescription Antabuse online, al-Amn just renewed his detention. He is forty-eight, but you would swear he looked at least sixty, Antabuse For Sale. Almost three years of prison had clearly taken the toll but he would not accept any sympathy for his plight.
Another cuffed and blind-folded detainee was actually a soldier in the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) who was captured by JEM forces, and then recaptured by al-Amn during an attack on the JEM. Effects of Antabuse, As much as he tried to convince the al-Amn officers of his loyalty, it mattered little as he was from Darfur – a punishable offence in today’s Sudan.
The hatred, brutality, and prejudice those Darfuris were subjected to can not be fully described and all I could think was how in a million years would we be able to achieve peace in Darfur given the treatment meted out to its people by al-Amn. And this was not just in detention facilities, Antabuse gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, the officers regularly boasted of their conquests in Darfur – burning and pillaging villages.
On February 7, I was taken to my second interrogation, on my eighth day in detention. Antabuse recreational, This time I was interrogated by an officer named Fadlalla, from Kosti. Antabuse For Sale, The same officer who exposed his genitals to Mohamed Adil while threatening to rape him. That interrogation was stranger than the first one.
Fadlalla was playing solitaire on his computer. There were long pauses between his questions as he thought of what to ask next. His questions were ridiculous: “If you were to get married would your wife also participate in demonstrations?” Amused, australia, uk, us, usa, I responded that I could not answer that question since I had not met her yet. Then, he asked me to to predict whether she would or would not. You can imagine how the rest of the interrogation played out.
On February 13, a student member of the Democratic Unionist Party who had previously been arrested and released was re-arrested and brought back to our cage, Antabuse For Sale. Antabuse reviews, That was for disclosing, through his Facebook account, details of the torture endured by the detainees. He was made to kneel on his knees with his arms raised and his feet off the ground, for full afternoons, Antabuse overnight. A few days earlier, he underwent a surgery resulting from a car accident. At night, he was taken out of the cage, poured with freezing water and then beaten incessantly. We sat inside the cage helplessly listening to his groans and screams.
Antabuse For Sale, On February 16, the last day of my detention at al-Amn Bahri office, I was summoned to a final interrogation. This time I was interrogated by five al-Amn officers whom I did not encounter before. Each of them had a role to play: the conductor; the good guy; the bad guy; the silent guy who would occasionally quip, “This does not make any sense;” and, the tough guy who made the violent threats. The interrogation was split into two parts.
The first part was trying to implicate me as the organiser of the January 30 protest (supposedly, I was working according to my father’s instructions). They insisted that we were plotting in secret, holding clandestine meetings to attack the Republican palace in order to take over power. The funniest part was when they made reference to my birthday, January 29, and how holding the demonstration on January 30 confirmed that I was its organiser, Antabuse For Sale. When I laughed and offered, “Why not hold it on January 29 then,” I was told not to be smart.
The second part was an attempt to solicit information about my father with questions like “Tell us your father’s secrets,” or, “Play out an everyday conversation between you and your father.” Then, they started accusing me of being an economist, as if it was a crime. They continued, “Did your father ever ask you to prepare any economic papers for him?” Proudly I answered, “Yes.” For some reason they were shocked with my answer and fell silent before asking for examples.
I gave them some: “The effects of the global economic crisis on Sudan,” “The effects of South Sudan’s separation on North Sudan’s economy,” “Dutch disease in Sudan,” and various national budget evaluations. They asked me why he would want such information. I answered that he was a well-read man and liked to keep informed. Deep down, I wanted to say, “So that he can use it against you, silly.” One of them did that for me, exclaiming to his colleague, “He does economic spotting for his father, you idiot!”
Idiot he was, so were the rest of them.
That afternoon, I was released, feeling sad to leave so many behind. We are in an economic crisis and Sudan is faced with stagflation (one of the main reasons for demonstrating in the first place), due in very large part to the colossal amount of money allocated for feeding the intelligence services. For nothing – they are a complete farce.
Yousif ElMahdi is an economist and activist from Sudan.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011..
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April 25, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2447" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Photo by Jonathan Rashad."][/caption]
T Prozac For Sale, he nonviolent revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt dominated international news in early 2011. Given their adherence to the principles of nonviolence and massive public participation, Prozac from mexico, these revolutionary movements are unique and extraordinary, as we are told by the international media. The truth remains that they are in fact typical examples of the successful revolutions that took place over the last thirty years.
In these thirty years, Prozac used for, almost every successful revolution or uprising that forced the old regime to step down was nonviolent. Prozac description, Massive mobilisation of ordinary people on the streets, strikes, demonstrations, Prozac duration, and a wide variety of nonviolent techniques were employed to remove unpopular authoritarian regimes in country after country, Purchase Prozac for sale, while the many armed and violent guerilla movements of the time were mostly unsuccessful. This crucial fact is somewhat missing from the wide-ranging coverage of the events in Tunisia and Egypt. Also missing is a closer scrutiny of the influence (or the lack thereof) of external actors in these types of societal processes.
Here, I would like to analyse these movements and divide them into six groups, based on the types of international support received from a wide array of foreign actors, Prozac For Sale. There is no denying that each of these cases is unique and has its own background and context, Prozac samples. However, What is Prozac, they have a level of kinship that makes it tempting and reasonable to group them.
The first wave of popular nonviolent uprisings started with Poland and Solidarity, the trade union. The fight against the one-party communist system that started in 1980, buy Prozac from mexico, ended up in a victory in 1989. Buy Prozac without prescription, Bolivia, Uruguay, and the Philippines followed in 1982, order Prozac from mexican pharmacy, 1984, Low dose Prozac, and 1986. Prozac For Sale, For those movements to succeed, support from the international network of trade unions and the Catholic church was crucial.
In 1989-1991, we saw the next wave of peaceful revolutions in former Soviet republics and Eastern Europe. The fall of the Berlin wall became the symbol of those success stories. Relatively strong civil societies, no prescription Prozac online, access to Western media, Prozac over the counter, and economic problems of the crumbling states enabled the dismantling of one-party communist systems.
During the the same period (1989-1991), a number of countries in the French-speaking Sub-Saharan Africa went through similar processes of nonviolent regime change. It started with Benin and then spread to a handful of other countries, discount Prozac. A crucial element in those cases was the presence of broad-based coalitions in national assemblies to discuss and formulate the future of the states. Strong civil societies that cherished the ideals of the 1789 French revolution were key actors in those movements of change.
From 2000 onwards the coloured revolutions took place – starting in Serbia and then spreading to Georgia, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, and Lebanon, sparked by fraudulent national elections, Prozac For Sale. Prozac blogs, Foreign support – monetary, strategical, and technical – played noteworthy roles in those revolutions.
In response to the recent financial crisis, Prozac forum, many people across the globe reacted strongly and blamed their governments for lack of control. Prozac price, That was followed by successful demands for their resignation in Iceland, Latvia, Hungary, where can i order Prozac without prescription, and the Czech Republic. Where can i buy Prozac online, In those cases, typically large crowds of people gathered outside the parliament and stayed until the ruling leaders stepped down. Those protest movements did not receive any foreign support.
The most recent wave of revolutions against authoritarian regimes started in Tunisia and then Egypt, buy Prozac without a prescription. Prozac For Sale, As I am writing this, demonstrations calling for regime change are ongoing in Libya, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, Bahrain, Djibouti, Qatar, Algeria, Syria, Jordan, Yemen, Oman, and Kuwait, while Al Jazeera plays an important role as a source of information both inside and outside these countries. In most of these cases, Prozac results, little external support has been offered to opposition groups.
Western governments often boast that they are actively promoting democracy and freedom across the globe. Pro-democracy opposition groups in many places do receive overt and covert support from these governments. History gives us ample reasons to question the actual motivations behind some of such support.
In almost all cases, Prozac australia, uk, us, usa, democracy promotion and support to opposition groups are exclusively targeted against regimes that have hostile relationships with Western governments. Buy Prozac from canada, If the promotion and spreading of democracy was the goal (as advertised), then how do we explain this phenomenon?
In horrible dictatorships like Chile (in the 1980s), Saudi Arabia, Prozac online cod, Kuwait, Prozac pics, or Bahrain, no support was offered for opposition movements. Democracy export is only for unfriendly regimes hostile towards the United States or the European Union, Prozac For Sale. Then, buy cheap Prozac, electoral episodes in Algeria in 1990 and Palestine in 2006 indicate that Western governments are ready to support democracy only when friendly or acceptable groups are voted to power.
The case of Egypt in this context is a curious one. Prozac dosage, In 2009, the Obama administration cut down 75% ($50 million in 2008) of US funding for democracy promotion and civil society support in the country while pumping in $1.7 billion as annual support to the Mubarak regime. Human rights organisations and pro-democracy groups in Egypt were worst affected by those cuts, buy Prozac no prescription. Promoting democracy or pampering a US-friendly regime?
In Tunisia and Egypt, Prozac canada, mexico, india, public anger and frustration reached such a level where ordinary people had enough of poverty, emergency laws, censorship, Prozac price, coupon, police brutality, Online buy Prozac without a prescription, and corruption. Prozac For Sale, That was when they decided to confront the regime. In both these countries, Western support for the civil society and opposition groups was too little or none, Prozac schedule. It might well be the case that the lack of support from the outside world actually pushed the people to take desperate actions on the streets of Cairo and Tunis.
In fact, Prozac steet value, Western support may sometimes function as a safety valve, steaming out public anger and frustration. If or when people under oppressive regimes are given false hope of freedom or change, where can i find Prozac online, their frustration and hopelessness will not reach the level necessary for daring tough confrontations with the police forces of the regime. Buy cheap Prozac no rx, In countries where Western actors are providing support in the form of monetary donations, training, or educational programs, buy Prozac online no prescription, public frustration may not reach the level we saw in Tunisia, Online buying Prozac hcl, Egypt, Bahrain, Libya, kjøpe Prozac på nett, köpa Prozac online, or Yemen.
With external support comes false hope that makes people more willing to wait for a better future; or, Where to buy Prozac, in some cases, work for change within the constitutional framework of the country with or without success. On the other hand, the absence of such foreign support can grant a level of independence for democracy activists, as their activism would be free from external dictates and policy choices, leaving room for more creative and courageous approaches in their struggle for democracy and human rights.
If that is the case then the solution is not suspending support to pro-democracy groups, but to evaluate and rethink the strategies, based on the lessons learned from the recent developments in the Middle East.
I would like to argue that these should include more practical and strategical training with the aim of building strong grassroots movements, Prozac For Sale. Any civil society support should focus on preparations for large scale public demonstrations; how to handle riots; and, Prozac treatment, how to deal with police brutality.
This, of course, is not a new approach since manuals and handbooks for nonviolent struggle are already available in many languages and formats. Printed versions of these manuals are often smuggled into countries where pro-democracy groups are active. Also, PDF copies are downloaded from the web. In some countries, groups are even carrying out practical training sessions. Prozac For Sale, In other cases, these trainings are taking place in safe places abroad.
Revolutions take time. And when repressive regimes are successfully removed, serious problems arise as soon as the celebrations are over. The difficult task of replacing the old system is a crucial one. There are enormous differences between being in the opposition and being in position. That is why those who toppled the old regime, may not be best prepared to run the country.
In my work with opposition groups, I always stress the need for preparations for the future, when they will be responsible for building a new state and running it to the satisfaction of the people. Enormous difficulties always wait for them, Prozac For Sale. The economy is often in ruins, and old problems like unemployment and corruption are just as high as the expectations of the newly-liberated people.
Lack of training, absence of workable ideas on how to run a good society are often combined with the short supply of tolerance and patience of the masses. In the long run, a revolution is judged, not on how the people celebrated the departure of the despots, but on how the new society functions months and years after the takeover. That is why we will have to wait for sometime, for a full-blown analysis on Tunisia and Egypt.
Peaceful revolutions are not completely spontaneous. In every case, there are opposition groups who work years or months ahead of the public uprisings, for example the April 6 youth movement in Egypt. As was the case in Egypt, revolutions also take time. In Poland, it took nine years of struggle before the one-party communist regime gave in. In South Africa, it took at least forty years to end the apartheid.
Activists in Burma, Belarus, Kazakhstan and many other places – their time is yet to come. And, anyone eager to support their struggle need to note that good intentions are not enough, external actors must have good skills as well, based on serious and critical studies of the revolutions of our time.
Jørgen Johansen is an academic, writer, and peace activist.
This article was written and submitted before the international intervention in Libya.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011..
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April 25, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2452" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Uncontacted tribe in Amazon: Photo by Gleison Miranda/FUNAI."][/caption]
A Imitrex For Sale, s we walked through the forest, searching for açaí berries, Amiri Awá named the trees we passed, "Tatajuba, inajá, copaíba." He spoke quietly, so as not to scare away any animals which might be a suitable catch to feed his family. Every so often he paused to expertly mimic an animal sound, Get Imitrex, to communicate with his brother who had sped ahead of us and was by now out of sight amongst the thick rainforest foliage.
Amiri and his family make regular trips into the forest, their grass-woven bags on their backs, to collect açaí and other fruits, buy Imitrex online cod, and to search for game to hunt. Real brand Imitrex online, They are Indians of the Awá tribe, one of only two nomadic hunter gatherer tribes remaining in Brazil today.
“Our land gives us all we need,” Chiperenjia Awá said one evening as he helped his father decorate his body with feathers of the urubu rei or king vulture, Imitrex without prescription, for a prayer and dance ritual that would last until dawn.
The Awá’s forest home in Maranhão state in the eastern Brazilian Amazon provides the Indians with food, Generic Imitrex, shelter, and spiritual well-being. But during the past four decades they have seen a huge wave of cattle ranchers, fast shipping Imitrex, settlers and illegal loggers invading their land. Rx free Imitrex, Almost every Awá family group has suffered brutal massacres in which many Awá were killed, and now their very existence is at risk as their forest is being cut down at an alarmingly fast pace.
The Awá territory was the indigenous area in the Amazon which suffered most deforestation in 2009. More than 30% of the Awá’s forest has already been cut down, despite it having been mapped out and officially recognised as an indigenous territory which the Brazilian authorities are responsible for protecting.
I visited the Awá for tribal rights organisation Survival International, which is campaigning for the invaders to be evicted from the tribe’s land, Imitrex For Sale. We travelled with a group of Awá to a patch of their forest which had just been cut and burned down.
As we turned a corner on one of the illegal roads built through the forest by the loggers, where can i buy cheapest Imitrex online, the green vegetation gave way to a stark patch of burned land. Order Imitrex online overnight delivery no prescription, Branches lay dead, criss-crossed on the ground under a layer of black ash, and smoke was still rising from the ground immediately before us, Imitrex from canada, and far into the distance.
“The loggers come here with their trucks and they take the trees away, Imitrex street price, ” Pire’i Ma’a Awá told us. “I do not know how we are going to eat. Everything is being destroyed, Imitrex natural, the whole area. Imitrex For Sale, This land is mine, it is ours. Imitrex no rx, We Indians live in the forest. This is Indian land.”
Hunting is crucial for the Awá’s survival, but the more forest is lost, Imitrex from canadian pharmacy, the less game there is to sustain them. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, “The loggers cut down the trees, and all the game run away,” Katu Awá told us, Imitrex for sale. “The pigs, My Imitrex experience, the deer, the monkeys, they all run away, doses Imitrex work. There is nothing to eat, Imitrex For Sale. We Indians are angry, Imitrex use, very angry, because the loggers are stealing our trees, they are building roads, Imitrex no prescription, they are destroying the whole area.”
For a few of the young men in the group, Imitrex trusted pharmacy reviews, it was the first time they had seen such large scale devastation of their land. They were shocked into silence on the journey back to their village, where they spent the rest of the day and evening recounting what they had seen to their families.
The increase in illegal logging is the latest in a series of violations of the Awá’s right to live undisturbed on their land, is Imitrex addictive. Following the discovery of iron ore on their land in the 1970s and the massive Carajás industrial project, Imitrex wiki, which included the construction of roads, railways, dams, Imitrex images, and mines in the region, Canada, mexico, india, the tribe’s forest was opened up to unprecedented invasions by outsiders. Many of the Awá alive today are haunted by the memory of seeing their families killed in massacres and violence at the hands of the invading ranchers and settlers.
One Awá man, Karapiru, taking Imitrex, spent twelve years living alone in the forest, Imitrex interactions, having been separated from his family in 1975 when they were attacked by ranchers. Imitrex For Sale, He recounted his experience, “At the time of the massacre, I was the only survivor of the family. I hid in the forest, and escaped from the white people, Imitrex mg. They killed my mother, Imitrex pharmacy, my brothers and sisters, and my wife. I lived, herbal Imitrex, always managing to escape from the ranchers. Imitrex photos, I walked a long, long way, always hiding in the forest, online Imitrex without a prescription. I was very hungry and it was very hard to survive.”
Karapiru made contact with white people in 1988, and he was later reunited with his son who he had assumed had been killed along with the rest of his family, Imitrex For Sale. He now lives with his new wife Manimi, Imitrex brand name, and their daughter Makriankwa, in the Awá village of Tiracambu.
Around three-hundred Awá are now settled in four villages. Another sixty to hundred Awá remain uncontacted and live as nomads in the forest, Imitrex coupon, apart from the four Awá communities, Purchase Imitrex online no prescription, and constantly on the run from the illegal loggers.
For the uncontacted Awá, the danger is greatest. They rely completely on their forest for food – without it, Imitrex use, they can not survive. Generic Imitrex, They also risk death if they come into contact with the loggers. Imitrex For Sale, Besides the possibility of violent conflict erupting, the uncontacted Awá have very little immunity to outside diseases such as the common cold and flu, which could kill them, as has been seen numerous times in the past following first contact between tribes and outsiders.
The growing challenges of living uncontacted in the forest has pushed some uncontacted Awá to make contact with their relatives in their villages. Itachi Awá remembers a group of uncontacted Indians coming to live in his community. “A while ago we saw signs of some uncontacted Awá near the Presidio stream, Imitrex wiki,” he said. Imitrex price, coupon, “At first, they did not want to talk to us, but then they came to live in our village, purchase Imitrex online. The loggers are putting increasing pressure on our uncontacted relatives, and they are being forced to flee.”
The future of the Awá people, the uncontacted Awá in particular, is in the hands of the government’s Indian Affairs Department, FUNAI, the police, the Maranhão state government and the government’s environment agency IBAMA, whose joint responsibility it is to protect the Awá’s land.
The Awá are determined to fight for their survival, and have begun to lobby the authorities through written complaints and protests. Last year, a group of Awá left their forest home for the first time in order to protest in the town of Zé Doca, Imitrex For Sale. “We told the government that it had to protect us.” Manachika Awá said. “A local mayor said we do not exist. We showed them that we do exist, we live in our forest, and we need our land.”
“We must make sure the loggers are removed,” Amiri told us as we watched his young daughters making juice from the açaí berries we had collected. “If not, the forest will disappear. We are the owners of our forest.”
Survival International has launched an urgent international campaign to support the Awá’s fight for the protection of their land. It is calling on the Brazilian authorities to uphold their constitutional rights and remove all invaders from the Awá’s territory as a matter of urgency, and to put in place an effective monitoring system to ensure that no future invasions take place. If fast action is not taken to save the Awá’s forest, it will not be long before they cease to exist. We can not let that happen.
Sarah Shenker is a campaigner with Survival International.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011..
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April 25, 2011
Quinine For Sale, [caption id="attachment_2487" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Choucha refugee camp, Libya-Tunisia border: Photo by Mohamed Ali Mhenni/Wikimedia."][/caption]
The camera pans out on a dense sea of people pushing and shoving against one another, trying to work their way through the noisy crowd on the border between Libya and Tunisia. One lone voice narrates above the clamour, Quinine from mexico, “The scene at the Libyan border is getting ugly.” He goes on to explain that these are migrant workers from Egypt who are attempting to flee the violence in Libya.
“Expect more scenes like this in the days and weeks to come,” he declares in a sombre tone, before the frame shifts to another dense sea of people, buy Quinine online no prescription, lying under blankets as the sand swirls about in the background. Quinine online cod, The camera zooms in on a few men who look back at the lens with vacant stares. The voice narrating the scene concludes on a tragic, lyrical note, effects of Quinine, “As the wind picks up, Quinine mg, this growing army of stranded foreign workers is left camping in the dirt, victims of the storm that is transforming the Middle East.”
This is the voice of Ivan Watson reporting for CNN on March 1. Thanks to round-the-clock coverage, canada, mexico, india, cable and network news have indeed shown many similar scenes over the last several weeks. The vast majority of these reports have, like this one, trafficked in the clichés of humanitarian crisis journalism, Quinine For Sale. Quinine gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Focusing on the chaos and suffering of the immediate moment, they tell us little about the lives of the people who are supposedly the objects of our sympathy and nothing about the larger systemic issues fuelling their plight.
The more one delves into the back story of the Libyan refugee crisis, the more it becomes clear that the current predicament of refugees in Libya is just the most recent and dramatic episode in a much larger story of injustice and abuse, online buying Quinine. And although CNN-style reports bring viewers in the United States and Europe in on the side of the refugees, Quinine forum, the actions of Western governments tell a different story – a story of apathy toward the very migrant workers who comprise the refugee population.
Before the crisis, as many as 2.5 million migrants worked in Libya, making it one of the biggest importers of labour in the region, ordering Quinine online. The migrants came mostly from Africa and Asia for jobs in the oil and construction industries. Quinine over the counter, The influx of foreign workers began in the 1990s, when, in response to United Nations trade sanctions, Quinine class, Libya increasingly relied on Sub-Saharan labour to fuel its oil economy.
More recently, Quinine pharmacy, since 2003, when Libya’s rapprochement with the United States and Europe began, the tide of migrants has continued to rise, is Quinine safe. Quinine For Sale, As part of the privatisation of Libya’s economy, hundreds of thousands of workers have come from Bangladesh and the Philippines, as well as from other countries in North Africa and the Middle East. Some of them entered the country on legal work permits, Quinine street price, but the vast majority came illegally.
Since the start of the fighting, close to 300,000 migrant workers have crossed from Libya into Tunisia and Egypt, Quinine from canada. Most are from poor countries that did not provide means for their citizens to return to their home countries. Cheap Quinine no rx, Most of the refugees arrived at the camps with little but the shirt on their backs, having been robbed by Libyan officials on their way out of the country. As the men and women at the Ras Adjir camp in Tunisia explained, rx free Quinine, this was not the first time they had been robbed or assaulted by Libyan authorities.
Migrant workers in Libya, Buy cheap Quinine no rx, as elsewhere, are subject to abuse at the hands of their employers and the larger network of profiteers who make money off the migrant economy. Many paid large sums to employment brokers who enlisted them in a form of indentured servitude, sometimes garnishing their wages until the debt was paid, Quinine For Sale. Several Bangladeshi workers in Ras Adjir said they still owed their brokers the $5000 fee but had no way to pay it.
Migrants were often promised more money than they were actually paid, cheap Quinine. One man from Bangladesh explained that he was promised a salary of $600 a month, Quinine long term, but was not paid at all on the first job. Forced labour is not uncommon. According to US State Department’s 2009 human rights report on Libya, low dose Quinine, as many as 1% of all illegal migrants in Libya are victims of human trafficking forced into commercial sex work.
Illegal migrants are subject to abuse outside as well as inside the workplace. Quinine For Sale, They face a greater risk of being beaten and robbed and are beholden to ghetto landlords who charge excessive rent as a form of hush money. After Quinine, Sub-Saharan Africans face racial discrimination as well. In 2000, Libyan youth participated in a wave of anti-immigrant violence targeted at black Africans, Quinine dose, resulting in the deaths of between fifty and five-hundred people, Taking Quinine, a precursor to the current, though questionable reports that large numbers of Africans are serving as mercenaries for Qaddafi’s forces.
Although Qaddafi has opened the tap of migrant labour when it has served his political and economic purposes, variously invoking Pan-Africanism and Pan-Arabism, buy cheap Quinine, he has also cracked down hard on illegal migrants when the political winds have shifted. Quinine overnight, In recent years, the Libyan government has amped up the threat of deportation and randomly rounded up undocumented migrants or contract workers who have not renewed their licenses.
Once rounded up, they are taken to one of at least ten known detention centres, Quinine maximum dosage, where, Quinine treatment, according to Human Rights Watch, they have limited access to food, water, Quinine dosage, and sanitation. Doses Quinine work, Detainees interviewed by Human Rights Watch report numerous instances of physical and sexual abuse, as well as accounts of detainees being unloaded into the desert or directly to human smugglers.
The European and US governments not only failed to take action in response to these abuses, they also helped to fuel the problem in both direct and indirect ways, Quinine canada, mexico, india. Italy, Libya’s biggest foreign investor, is also the most complicit in the Libyan government’s abuse of migrant workers.
In 2008, Italy made a bid to increase its economic investment in Libya, Quinine For Sale. The country’s largest energy company, Quinine dangers, Eni, pledged $28 billion to obtain lucrative contracts for developing new oil fields in Libya in the coming decades. That same year, my Quinine experience, Berlusconi and Qaddafi signed a friendship treaty in which Italy pledged $5 billion to Libya in exchange for favourable treatment in energy, About Quinine, infrastructure, and defence contracts.
For its part, Libya promised to slow down the flood of illegal immigrants coming to Italy through Libya, order Quinine from mexican pharmacy, which has long served as the main portal to Europe from Africa. Buy Quinine from canada, In addition to effectively underwriting the Libyan detention system, Eni and other Italian companies are also the de facto employers of untold numbers of migrant workers in the Libyan oil and construction sectors. Berlusconi reluctantly suspended the friendship treaty at the end of February, discount Quinine. Libya’s unrest has raised deep concerns for the Italian economy more broadly.
Quinine For Sale, The enhanced friendship between Italy and Libya was just one aspect, albeit an important one, of a broader shift in the international community’s relationship with Libya since 2003. When Qaddafi threw his lot in with the United States and the European Union in the war on terror, Fast shipping Quinine, he also agreed to begin privatising Libya’s almost exclusively state-run economy and open it up to direct foreign investment. In 2007, the International Monetary Fund praised Libya for “diversifying its economy.”
Increased foreign investment meant an increased need for cheap foreign labour to build the roads and oil refineries that would form the backbone of the new globalised Libya, what is Quinine. The same voices that celebrated the opening of Libya’s economy remained silent on the issue of migrant workers rights.
The passive response of the European Union and the United States on the rights of migrant workers in Libya is no exception. There has been a similar quietude in response to migrant labour abuses across the Middle East. The Persian Gulf is a particularly stark example, Quinine For Sale. The grand cities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates are being built largely on the backs of exploited and abused migrant workers who have little to no recourse to redress their grievances.
These city-states continue to enjoy good relations with Europe and the United States, as well as with private foreign investors looking to capitalise on their growth. Of course, migrant workers are nothing new for Europe and the United States, where they constitute large segments of the work force and are similarly lacking in legal protection and subject to various human rights abuses.
December 2010 marked the twentieth anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the rights of migrants. Only forty-four states have signed it. Notably, the biggest hosts to migrant workers have not, including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, France, Italy, Germany, the United States, and Britain.
In the lead-up to the anniversary, the Council of International Unions held a conference in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to address the issues of temporary work contracts. Quinine For Sale, Other international labour groups held similar conferences and rallies to bring the issue of migrant workers’ rights to the forefront of the international community’s agenda. Where were the CNN cameras then?
CNN’s disinterest in the broader context of migrant labour in Libya and elsewhere is a symptom of the corporate media’s inattention to underlying social and economic forces in contemporary conflicts. One result of this inattention has been a very narrow and distorted picture of the ongoing upheaval in the Middle East. Contrary to Ivan Watson’s storm metaphor, the events in the Middle East were not a spontaneous natural weather event.
Although the demand for political freedom has been the most visible aspect of the revolts in the region, critics of neoliberalism have argued that economic grievances played a key role in fuelling the ongoing conflicts. These grievances constitute another dimension of the increasingly neoliberal economy that enlists migrant workers.
Like other countries in North Africa and the Middle East, Libya has an extremely high rate of unemployment, although it employs vast numbers of foreign workers. The figures are murky, but experts estimate the unemployment rate to be between 25% and 30%.
Libya’s oil wealth has so far supported subsidies to its citizens to counteract these economic pressures, but some economists believe that unemployment will rise alongside increased privatisation and foreign direct investment, Quinine For Sale. Elsewhere in the region, the lack of subsidies has left educated youth with little economic opportunity. These were the youth that toppled the Tunisian and Egyptian dictatorships and that are leading the ongoing protests in Bahrain.
The return of hundreds of thousands of migrant workers to Egypt and Tunisia in particular puts added pressure on all segments of the economy in these areas. The future of the migrant workers is uncertain, but one thing is for sure. By the time they start looking for work in their home countries or a new destination, Ivan Watson and the CNN cameras will be far away – busy reporting on the next humanitarian crisis of the moment.
Hannah Gurman is Assistant Professor, Gallatin School of Individualized Study, New York University. Republished by special arrangement: This article was originally published in Foreign policy in focus.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011.
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April 25, 2011
[caption id="attachment_2386" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Photo by Laihiuyeung Ryanne/CC-BY"][/caption]
D Advair For Sale, ecember 10 is the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel, and also the day Nobel prizes are awarded. In 2010, when for the first time a Chinese national was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, many from China gathered in Oslo to attend the prize-giving ceremony, to celebrate. I was also invited to join the festivities – an invitation I turned down.
I have known Liu Xiaobo, australia, uk, us, usa, the laureate, for a long time. Longer than many of those who gathered in Oslo that day to show their support for him. It all started in the summer of 1988 when Liu and I became colleagues for a few months, Is Advair addictive, in an academic project at the University of Oslo. Liu was invited for lectures, Advair For Sale. As he did not speak any foreign language, I also helped him as an interpreter.
In 2001, I and a number of exiled Chinese writers, along with few dissident writers still in China, founded the Independent Chinese PEN Centre (ICPC), Advair interactions. Liu was one of those in China. That same year ICPC was accepted as a chapter of International PEN. Since 2003, Liu and I worked together to lead ICPC – Liu as the president in Beijing, Advair used for, and I as the vice-president and the general secretary, working from exile. Advair For Sale, After one term as the general secretary, I became the international secretary, press secretary, and spokesperson for ICPC. During that time, Liu and I kept close daily contact.
So, Liu Xiaobo and I are old comrades. And as an ICPC comrade, Advair description, I should have travelled to Oslo to attend the ceremony and cheer for Liu, when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. However, I declined the invitation from Oslo, Herbal Advair, and instead of going west from Sweden, flew east to Helsinki.
Instead of Oslo, I accepted an invitation from Amnesty International Finland, to join them in Helsinki. Because, December 10 is also the International Human Rights Day, Advair pictures. For the day, I had no intention to wear a Tuxedo and raise a glass of champagne, celebrating the first Chinese national getting the Nobel Peace Prize, Advair For Sale. Despite the success of an old ICPC comrade, I decided to join the International Human Rights Day celebration in Helsinki, and talk about the human rights situation in China.
I feared that when the whole world would focus on Liu Xiaobo and the peace prize in Oslo, the many other prisoners of conscience rotting behind the bars in China would fall under a dark shadow for a long time to come. Online buying Advair hcl, I feared that all those political prisoners in China would be neglected and forgotten easily, when the spotlight of the Nobel prize would focus on one winner, one Liu Xiaobo.
Indeed, there is a long list of forgotten Chinese political prisoners: Wang Bingzhang, Gao Zhisheng, Hu Jia, where can i find Advair online, Huang Qi, Chen Guangcheng, Guo Quan, Shi Tao, Purchase Advair, Zheng Yichun, and the list will grow only longer. There are many cases, where political prisoners are released on bail for very poor health conditions, or released only after serving the full lengths of their sentences. They too are under persecution: Yan Zhengxue, Advair no rx, Li Hong, Qin Yongmin, Hada. Advair For Sale, Qin and Hada, for example, were released after spending twelve and fifteen years in prison.
All of these prisoners of conscience are outstanding individuals. All of them have devoted themselves for the struggle of democracy, Buy Advair no prescription, freedom, and human rights in China. And for their extraordinary efforts, based on their conscience, beliefs, and ideals, where can i cheapest Advair online, they had to pay the price. Borrowing words from the press release of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee on Liu Xiaobo, each of them can be described as “the foremost symbol of the wide ranging struggle for human rights in China.”
For example, I can mention Wang Bingzhang. Advair pics, He earned a degree in medicine from the prestigious McGill University in Canada. If he focused only on his own life and career as a professional doctor, he could have lived a rich and secure life in great comfort, Advair For Sale. Instead he devoted himself to the struggle for democracy in China – founding the first Chinese Democratic Union, in 1982. After decades of struggle, he has now been awarded life imprisonment – a sentence much severe than Liu Xiaobo’s eleven years. His family in Canada – wife and Children – can not see him in prison.
There are people who say that the prize for Liu Xiaobo is not for him only, Advair brand name, but a symbolic award to the Chinese people, to everyone – one medal is enough for everyone. I say, one medal is just not enough. There are people who describe the peace prize as a bomb thrown at the dictators in China Advair For Sale, . Advair recreational, If that is the case then, I say, more bombs like this can lead to the collapse of the regime.
Today, China is divided between different political ideologies, split into different factions where many dissidents like Wang Bingzhang do not toe the same line as Liu Xiaobo. That is why, where can i order Advair without prescription, contrary to the claims made by the Norwegian Nobel committee, Liu can hardly become the one symbol for such a wide and split range of Chinese struggle.
Liu Xiaobo is now well-known for his moderate approach towards the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). As we read his 2009 trial statement, I have no enemies. Advair price, That translates to the fact that even the CCP is not his enemy. But I know that Wang Bingzhang and many other Chinese dissidents definitely regard the CCP as the worst enemy of democracy and freedom in China, Advair For Sale. In his statement, Liu says that the human rights situation in China has made “macro level progress,” and the prison is “humanised,” where he can receive full respect from all officers. But there are prisoners of conscience who suffer torture and never get any respect in the prison, Advair for sale, such as lawyer Gao Zhisheng. As we often say, some get carrots, some get sticks.
Some Norwegian friends told me that they did not know much about Wang Bingzhang or Gao Zhisheng. Advair photos, I can understand why. Advair For Sale, Most of the Chinese political prisoners do not have access to resources, and are not so well-known internationally. Wang or Gao are not even in the case-list of International PEN’s Writers in Prison Committee, since the committee only focuses on writers, not on all prisoners of conscience.
To make matters worse, their straightforward position against the CCP often scares the Western governments. Western foundations or government agencies actually shy away from financing them or their organisations, order Advair no prescription. On the other side, Liu Xiaobo and his faction have the resources and are well financed by US or European funds, given their moderate position on the CCP.
Then, how is the human rights situation in China now. Advair no prescription, Has the symbolic Nobel Peace Prize given to well-connected Liu Xiaobo changed the situation in Chinese prisons. Or, has it just fuelled the illusion that mainland China would one day evolve into a democracy, and the CCP would crumble like the former Soviet Communist Party?
There are people who say to me, “You have left China many years back, and do not understand the situation there.” I retort back that people inside China can not even obtain information freely, people in one province there do not know what happens in another province, Advair For Sale. They can not say that they know the country better than me. For people like me outside China, there is a website called Human Rights Defenders, with correspondents across China. They send out daily email briefings reporting the latest and local incidents of human rights violations in the country, Advair alternatives. I think that their work is very significant, and they too are worthy of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Due to the illusions surrounding the CCP, and the idea that mainland China will one day manage to evolve into a democracy, Western governments generally adopt a policy of appeasement, Order Advair online overnight delivery no prescription, yielding to the pressure from China. Advair For Sale, These governments focus only on immediate economic benefits. They carry out superficial human rights dialogue with China without any follow-up on effects and results.
Western actors wish that there would be leaders like Gorbachev or Yeltsin inside the CCP, who can drive a political reform leading China towards a sustainable democracy. This is also why they do not back Chinese dissidents like Wang Bingzhang, who advocate the overthrow of the CCP. They only back those dissidents who toe a moderate line, Advair from canadian pharmacy, and advocate for moderate improvements, such as Liu Xiaobo. Irony is, even the moderates are now facing hard persecution and heavy penalties. In 2009, Liu Xiaobo was sentenced to eleven years in prison, even after immense criticism from foreign actors, particularly the US, Advair For Sale. Advair images, That showdown by the Chinese government made clear indications that China does not care about international criticisms.
The peace prize award ceremony in Oslo itself is another evidence of China’s indifference to Western opinion. Liu Xiaobo, touted as the symbol of the Chinese struggle for democracy, is still a Chinese political prisoner serving a prison sentence. He could not reach Oslo to receive the award in person, not even family members were allowed to travel abroad to attend the ceremony, buy Advair without a prescription. Almost all the invited guests from China were stopped by the Chinese police. Advair For Sale, Many writers, artists, academics, and lawyers were barred from travelling overseas for conferences. A writer friend from Beijing told me that he was barred from travelling inside the country or aboard until the end of January 2011.
On December 10, when the whole world was calling for the release of Liu Xiaobo and other political prisoners in China, the stubborn dictators of the country continued to stand against the world. Order Advair online c.o.d, Liu told his wife that he wished to read his trial statement, I have no enemies, as the thanking speech in Oslo. It was read there on that day. In my opinion, the struggle for democracy in China is not limited to any “I” or a single person, online buy Advair without a prescription. Whether he has enemies or not, is insignificant and irrelevant, Advair For Sale. What really matters is whether the people of China have enemies or not. And yes, they do. In all fights for freedom, Where can i buy cheapest Advair online, there are always enemies of freedom.
The greatest human disaster in the twentieth century was the one-party communist rule in many countries, which resulted in the deaths of millions of people, many times more than the number of people killed by the German fascists. This fact is already established, for example, in the famous book, Advair duration, The black book of communism. Advair For Sale, Today, only a few countries in the world are under communist rule, as the world has rejected this authoritarian system. Communism is the enemy of democracy, the enemy of freedom.
In China, the CCP remains the enemy of freedom, Advair without prescription, the enemy of human rights, the enemy of people power. One can not claim, “I have no enemies,” if one loves freedom and longs for human rights, if one remembers the torture of comrades in prisons.
As I denounce the CCP as the enemy and talk about those hardcore anti-regime political prisoners in China, Advair blogs, I know that some might wonder if I do not see the macro-progress China is making. A Swedish professor, who is in friendly terms with the Chinese government, phoned me recently to express his frustration about a CNN interview of a Chinese artist, Buy generic Advair, Ai WeiWei. He found it unfair and incorrect that Chinese intellectuals like Ai Weiwei criticise the regime so fiercely, “Can you not see that China has made great progress?”
I know that this argument of Chinese progress is actually propagated by the CCP and its friends, in response to criticism from all sides. If you, for once, concede that China has made some progress in some minute levels, all other criticisms of the regime would then be treated as wrong and unfair, Advair For Sale. This is because the touting of Chinese progress is actually part of the compromise formula where the CCP can easily change from foe to friend.
The question of China making progress or not is misleading, since even if the country has made some progress somewhere it can not rob the Chinese intellectuals off their right and responsibility of criticising the regime, kjøpe Advair på nett, köpa Advair online. Finland has made progress, Sweden has made progress, and we do not expect Swedish or Finnish intellectuals to give up their right to criticise their governments. And, Get Advair, unlike China, we do not see them being arrested and put to prison for exercising their rights either.
On the question of progress, if economic development is the only indicator, while there is no improvement in terms of basic human rights, then the future looks more dangerous. Nazi Germany is a good example as it made great economic progress, Advair natural. Advair For Sale, However, the Nazi dictators robbed the people off their rights and freedoms, pushing the Jewish population into concentration camps. Like Nazi Germany, China can also go into a dangerous direction if there is only economic progress. Those who only think of their own interests, and those who stand to profit from cheap Chinese labour, Advair without a prescription, will praise the progress in China and ignore the actual human rights situation in China.
The question of human rights in China is a qualitative one, not quantitative. A few years back, I was attending a panel discussion on the human rights situation in China, during the Göteborg Book Fair. I invoked the case of a dog with a rope tied to its neck, Advair trusted pharmacy reviews. That rope could be loosened from one metre to two metres, three metres, five metres, and even ten metres, Advair For Sale. Even when the other end of the rope is tied to a pole, the dog may feel that its freedom to move has increased tremendously, and this could be seen as great progress for the dog. However, Real brand Advair online, this only would be a quantitative change. For freedom, the dog has to get rid of the rope all together. It is the same for us humans. Advair For Sale, If we want freedom, we need to cut away the rope. We must get rid of the shackles even if they are plated in gold; we must get out of the prison even if it is remodelled as a garden. That is the principle of freedom, a qualitative question.
The human rights situation in China requires qualitative changes. This can only be achieved through a complete end to China’s one-party dictatorship. And, this change is not about the release of Liu Xiaobo, or one famous prisoner. It is about the people of China and their right to freedom and democracy. And no single symbolic prize can earn them the freedom, unless each of the prisoners of conscience is released and recognised.
Chen Maiping – writer, translator – is one of the founders of Independent Chinese PEN.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 6/Spring 2011.
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September 25, 2010
[caption id="attachment_2000" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Major Sai Thein Win: Photo courtesy Democratic Voice of Burma."][/caption]
S Ketoconazole Cream For Sale, ince 2001, there have been persistent rumours of a Burmese nuclear program, as Burma first announced intent to buy a nuclear reactor from Russia. That deal fell through and was resurrected in 2007 but still has not been consummated. There is a small Department of Atomic Energy in Burma with a few well-known international figures, doses Ketoconazole Cream work, but, Where can i buy Ketoconazole Cream online, the rumours of a nuclear program to build an indigenous reactor and nuclear weapons remained only rumours.
Since 2005, Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB) has been receiving thousands of files containing classified information on a secret military project. These documents include blue prints, where to buy Ketoconazole Cream, budget files, Ketoconazole Cream photos, military warfare program, underground tunnel construction plans, university thesis and term papers in Russian, purchase Ketoconazole Cream for sale. Also, Online buying Ketoconazole Cream, photo and other records of senior generals’ visit to Russia, China, Iran, Ketoconazole Cream results, and North Korea; and, Ketoconazole Cream from mexico, meeting memos and reports describing cooperation between Burma and those countries and many others. Upon examining these documents and counter check with other sources, DVB realised that this is a very comprehensive and ambitious military project involving underground tunnel construction for military use, rocket and missile production, and a nuclear program, Ketoconazole Cream For Sale. It was then, DVB decided to produce an investigative documentary.
After watching a DVB TV programme on underground tunnel construction in October 2009, Ketoconazole Cream images, Major Sai Thein Win, Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, a deputy in charge of a secret factory in Myaing, decided to contact DVB and provide more information. He is a mechanical engineer skilled in programming Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machine tools, taking Ketoconazole Cream, used to build high quality equipment and components of programs such as missiles or nuclear reactors. Ketoconazole Cream dosage, He did graduate training in missile technology in Russia in the early 2000s and then returned to Burma where he worked on missiles and had some knowledge of the nuclear program.
Since the first contact, Sai Thein Win became a vital part of the DVB investigation. In February 2010, Ketoconazole Cream reviews, as he defected to Thailand, Ketoconazole Cream pics, he turned over hundreds of colour photos, mechanical drawings and other documents to DVB.
Earlier, in January 2010, where to buy Ketoconazole Cream, DVB had already turned to the US-based National Endowment for Democracy, Herbal Ketoconazole Cream, for expert analysis of a larger cache of information on tunnels, missiles, and nuclear program activities, Ketoconazole Cream from canadian pharmacy. Ketoconazole Cream For Sale, As Sai Thein Win handed over the fresh cache of information, DVB asked one of the experts from the earlier team to evaluate the new data.
The expert immediately recognised a number of pieces of equipment that are almost certainly for use in a nuclear program, primarily to process uranium in a chemical plant to make uranium compounds for reactor fuel, isotope separation, and reactor fuel. The combination of equipment and the program context described by Sai Thein Win are consistent with a covert nuclear program to produce bombs.
Some of these pieces have clearly been used, Buy Ketoconazole Cream from canada, judging by their conditions in the colour photographs. It is impossible to determine if a piece was used with uranium from a photo, but, buy Ketoconazole Cream without prescription, if that was the case, Ketoconazole Cream no rx, it would be an instant violation of the Small Quantities Protocol agreement Burma has entered with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), under a larger safeguards agreement.
In addition, other Burmese sources have reported uranium mining and the production of yellowcake, comprar en línea Ketoconazole Cream, comprar Ketoconazole Cream baratos, the first chemical step in moving from uranium ore to industrial compounds. Purchase Ketoconazole Cream, Sai Thein Win reveals that there is a yellowcake plant, near the nuclear laboratory north of Mandalay, in a town called Thabeikkyin, kjøpe Ketoconazole Cream på nett, köpa Ketoconazole Cream online. He visited the nuclear lab on two occasions with general officers for demonstrations of nuclear technology to the top leadership of the country. He did not visit the yellowcake plant but heard it was nearby.
Satellite imagery shows a military facility at Thabeikkyin that could be the nuclear lab, Ketoconazole Cream For Sale. Ketoconazole Cream trusted pharmacy reviews, Analysts are examining the photos and comparing them to other sites alleged to be in the program. There are some similarities. There is also a small ore concentration plant at Thabeikkyin that is consistent with a uranium plant, where can i buy Ketoconazole Cream online, although not unique. Buy Ketoconazole Cream without a prescription, Information provided by Sai Thein Win is consistent in locating these facilities right where he said they would be.
More importantly, analysts have been looking at colour photos and satellite images of two factories where Sai Thein Win worked for about five years. These factories were built to house German and Swiss CNC machine tools.
Ketoconazole Cream For Sale, Germany granted export licenses for the equipment that went to these factories, and conducted follow-up end-user inspections to see how the equipment were used. For this reason, fast shipping Ketoconazole Cream, there is high consistency among photos from the companies, Buy Ketoconazole Cream online cod, the Germans and Sai Thein Win, that these are, in fact, discount Ketoconazole Cream, the factories and tools in question.
What can be seen, Real brand Ketoconazole Cream online, is that when the Germans are inspecting, the factories appear to be civilian, but, order Ketoconazole Cream online overnight delivery no prescription, when they are gone the same machine tools are being used by military personnel to build equipment for the nuclear fuel cycle.
It is heartening that experts who look at the pictures find the quality of workmanship to be poor, Doses Ketoconazole Cream work, especially for high-tech activities in missile and nuclear facilities. Apparently, Burmese nuclear plans involve the use of unnecessarily complex processes, Ketoconazole Cream photos, such as laser isotope separation to enrich uranium. Cheap Ketoconazole Cream, The experts judge that many of these efforts will be unsuccessful and beyond Burma’s reach. So the program is not an immediate military threat.
There are issues, however, Ketoconazole Cream blogs. Burma bought high quality German machine tools for civilian student training and is using them instead for military purposes, Ketoconazole Cream For Sale. There need to be penalties from supplier nations for this act. Ketoconazole Cream natural, Burma is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and a party to its nuclear weapons free zone. This commitment is in doubt.
Burma has some very old-style agreements with the IAEA. The Burmese agreement formats are of the pre-Iraq era, purchase Ketoconazole Cream online. Ketoconazole Cream For Sale, Following the difficulties the IAEA faced with Iraq, the international community strengthened these agreements and asked all nations to sign the updated versions. Burma is among the holdouts that decline to sign, Buying Ketoconazole Cream online over the counter, diplomatically and politely ignoring the requests.
Unfortunately, the old agreements limit the IAEA to asking a few simple questions and then there is no provision for verification inspections or deep investigations. The Burmese government has already issued a strongly worded denial of the DVB story, Ketoconazole Cream class, so it is unlikely to have any more to say to the IAEA. Low dose Ketoconazole Cream, Therefore, the agency will need the full backing of the United Nations Security Council, to advance beyond this stage.
Sai Thein Win was an insider in military programs and came forth after viewing the DVB broadcast about the special factories. He is a military man and can describe what he saw, but, he often is unable to explain much about the end use, just its name and photo. He can describe a program to build nuclear weapons, driven from the top, and he can describe three sites that appear to be real and are known in other sources. His colour photos match up with the tools and visits of the Germans.
All in all, Sai Thein Win has a very compelling tale to tell and a lot of credibility, given the consistency in this story. In this sense, he has emerged as a modern version of Mordecai Vanunu, the Israeli technician who brought photos out of Dimona in 1986, showing Israeli activities.
Robert Kelley – former director of the International Atomic Energy Agency – works with Democratic Voice of Burma, as a consultant.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 5, September 2010. .
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September 25, 2010
[caption id="attachment_1988" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="MEPs condemn stoning sentence on Ashtiani: Photo by European Parliament/Pietro Naj-Oleari."][/caption]
O Buy Lexapro Without Prescription, n September 23, forty-one-year-old Teresa Lewis was executed in the US state of Virginia despite having learning difficulties. Her case made headlines across the world because she was the first woman to be put to death in the United States in five years, Lexapro for sale, Lexapro pharmacy, and in Virginia for nearly a hundred years.
At the surface, the case of Teresa Lewis of Virginia and Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani of Tabriz may seem different, is Lexapro addictive, After Lexapro, most obviously in the method of execution. Teresa was executed by lethal injection, effects of Lexapro. Australia, uk, us, usa, Sakineh, on the other hand, Lexapro online cod, Lexapro dangers, has been sentenced to death by stoning. A sentence which has still not been revoked but merely put on hold, Lexapro from canada, Get Lexapro, due to public outcry. Teresa was executed for conspiring to murder her husband and stepson while Sakineh has been sentenced to death for adultery, Buy Lexapro Without Prescription. But, order Lexapro online c.o.d, Buy cheap Lexapro no rx, there are far more similarities than differences here.
Teresa was executed while the hitmen who actually killed her husband and stepson were given life in prison. Sakineh too has been sentenced to death by stoning while her alleged lover has not, Lexapro cost. My Lexapro experience, Moreover, after the international campaign in her defence, purchase Lexapro online no prescription, Where can i buy cheapest Lexapro online, the Islamic regime in Iran has tried to stitch Sakineh up with trumped up murder charges in order to facilitate her execution while the man who has been convicted of murdering her husband is not on death row.
There are more, but the starkest similarity is fundamentally in the barbarism of execution whatever form it may take, buy Lexapro online no prescription. Lexapro schedule, While stoning is obviously the most brutal form, Teresa’s last moments will enrage any decent human being, Lexapro maximum dosage, Lexapro street price, even with the sanitisation of capital punishment in the US and niceties such as a legal minimum IQ (Teresa’s was two points above it), a last meal of choice (Teresa had chicken and chocolate cake), generic Lexapro, Order Lexapro from mexican pharmacy, and evening executions so that death row inmates can spend the whole day with their loved ones before they are killed. Buy Lexapro Without Prescription, The term capital punishment is itself a sanitised name for what is, in effect, premeditated murder by the state.
To make my point, here goes a media account (Maria Glod, September 24/The Washington Post) of the execution:
Teresa Lewis, wearing a light blue shirt, dark blue pants and flip flops, came through the door at 8:55, ushered by guards in blue uniforms who held her elbows. She looked toward us with a gaze that seemed dazed and anxious, purchase Lexapro for sale. Buy Lexapro no prescription, Within moments she was flat on the gurney. Several guards strapped her down, cheap Lexapro no rx. Lexapro australia, uk, us, usa, I never saw her face again.
At 8:58, officials drew a dark blue curtain across the window, Buy Lexapro Without Prescription. Behind it, Lexapro use, Lexapro samples, they attached the intravenous lines. We could not see or hear anything, online buy Lexapro without a prescription. Lexapro coupon, Perry wept.
At 9:09 the curtain opened, about Lexapro. Buy Lexapro Without Prescription, Teresa’s arms were now extended from her body with strips of white tape holding the tubes in. Lexapro treatment, The warden asked Teresa if she had any final words. Her speech sounded garbled at first, Lexapro overnight, Order Lexapro from United States pharmacy, but officials later told us she asked if Kathy Clifton was there. Then she said clearly: “I just want Kathy to know that I love you and I am very sorry.”
The chemicals began flowing, Lexapro forum. Lexapro pictures, In Virginia, the first is Thiopental Sodium, buy Lexapro from mexico, Where can i order Lexapro without prescription, which renders the person unconscious. The second, Pancuronium Bromide stops breathing, Buy Lexapro Without Prescription. The final chemical, Lexapro without a prescription, Is Lexapro safe, Potassium Chloride, stops the heart.
Teresa Lewis’ feet and toes twitched, then they stopped.
I could not tell when she died.
Undoubtedly, the state of Virginia’s murder of Teresa Lewis is far worse than anything she had or could have done, however heart-wrenching the loss of her victims. She had a learning disability, the state of Virginia has no such excuse. Buy Lexapro Without Prescription, More importantly, as Mansoor Hekmat would have put it, unlike Teresa the state “publicly, with prior notice, on behalf of society, with the utmost legitimacy and ruthlessness, decide[d] to murder [her], and announce[d] the date and time of the event.”
Of course some will say Teresa got what she deserved. But justice has (or at least should have) nothing to do with retribution. We do not allow the rape of rapists, or the burning down of the houses of arsonists, do we. Also the eye for an eye argument ignores the reality that capital punishment is meted out for many different offences depending on time and place. In today’s Iran, for example, there are one-hundred-thirty offences punishable by death under Sharia law, including apostasy, heresy, blasphemy, and homosexuality.
What is painstakingly clear about Teresa’s execution or the stoning sentence of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani is that execution by a state is never about justice, whatever its justifications. And it is always about putting people in their places and creating a climate of intimidation and fear, albeit in different forms depending on whether it takes place in the US, China, or Iran.
In the end, the machinery of death as Teresa’s lawyer has called it took yet another life. And by doing so further diminished rather than elevated the value of human life. And sanitised or not, it has to be stopped. Full stop.
Maryam Namazie is rights activist, commentator, and broadcaster.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 5, September 2010.
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April 5, 2010
[caption id="attachment_1565" align="alignnone" width="480" caption="Photo by JL Winter/Anti-Slavery International."][/caption]
A Cipro For Sale, nti-Slavery International has uncovered children as young as ten years old forced to take part in dangerous camel races in the United Arab Emirates. We were able to take photos to prove that children were involved in a total of twelve races at the Sweihan race track in Abu Dhabi on February 9, is Cipro addictive, Order Cipro online c.o.d, 2010.
Using children in camel racing is a practice Anti-Slavery has campaigned against for many years because of the danger to the children involved. In 2005, order Cipro online overnight delivery no prescription, Online buying Cipro, following pressure from Anti-Slavery and the international community, the UAE government finally banned the use of under-eighteens in camel racing and replaced children with remote-controlled robots.
For at least thirty years prior to the ban, Cipro price, coupon, Cipro online cod, thousands of children as young as four years old were trafficked from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Cipro samples, Buy cheap Cipro no rx, Sudan and Mauritania to race camels. The UAE itself estimated that around 3, Cipro long term, Cipro cost, 000 child camel jockeys were in the country, in 2005.
The new law supposedly made it illegal for anyone under the age of eighteen to take part in camel racing in the UAE, Cipro without prescription. After Cipro, It also made the recruitment or use of children in camel racing punishable by three years in prison or a minimum fine of 50,000 dirham, Cipro results, No prescription Cipro online, or both. Despite this, Anti-Slavery is not aware of any prosecutions under this law.
There was an amnesty from prosecution for all camel owners who handed over children for repatriation by May 31, 2005, Cipro For Sale. However, herbal Cipro, Buying Cipro online over the counter, we received reliable reports of children training and racing camels in 2006, and while police were present at the Sweihan races this year, Cipro overnight, Fast shipping Cipro, they did nothing to stop the children from racing.
UAE officials have argued that the children in the Sweihan races were Emirati and so exempt from the law. However, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, Online Cipro without a prescription, we are unaware of any legal loop-hole that makes it acceptable for Emirati children to risk their lives racing camels. Also, buy no prescription Cipro online, What is Cipro, doubts over these children's origin exist as many were South Asian in appearance, and spoke South Asian languages, online buying Cipro hcl. Cipro australia, uk, us, usa, Some of them even said that they had been racing for over five years, and no Emirati children were ever identified as camel jockeys before the ban.
These doubts are important because while the UAE undertook a repatriation process with Unicef, Cipro use, Cipro natural, by their own estimates nearly 2,000 trafficked children did not return to their home country, low dose Cipro. Cipro For Sale, To date, the UAE has never explained what happened to the remaining children. Cipro used for, Also, a four-year-old child, cheap Cipro, Cipro photos, trafficked to the UAE before the 2005 ban, would have spent their entire childhood far away from their original home, generic Cipro, Cipro alternatives, making it only natural for them now to describe themselves as Emirati.
However, the nationality of the children is irrelevant under the law, Cipro dose. Purchase Cipro online, We question any exemptions for Emirati children from protection under the UAE ban. And, buy Cipro online no prescription, Buy Cipro online cod, using under-eighteens from any country to race camels contravenes international standards for hazardous work. The International Labour Organization has specifically highlighted the dangers of camel racing for children.
While the UAE embassy in London may describe the race as equivalent to a British country show the reality is very different, about Cipro. Racing camels can weigh up to 450 KG and reach speeds of up to 50 KM/H.
Riders regularly suffer injuries and even death from falls, or by being trampled by camels, Cipro For Sale. Purchase Cipro, Research into injuries sustained by child camel jockeys has revealed that nearly a quarter of all child camel jockeys injured from racing or training had head injuries with a high number of skull fractures and brain injuries.
One of our own photos shows a child who fell from his camel and narrowly avoided being trampled. Several camels made it to the finishing line without their child riders, canada, mexico, india, Cipro mg, though the fallen children were quickly removed from the racecourse by ambulances. Indeed, ambulance staff present at the races on the day expressed concern at the risk the children faced and confirmed that several children had been hurt, though no information was provided on the severity of their injuries.
Major General Nasser Al Menhali, who, as well as being the immigration minister, is in charge of the repatriation of child camel jockeys, defended the inclusion of children in the race. He said it was permitted because the children were over ten years old and raced with their parents' consent. Officials also suggested that the use of soft sand and reducing the distance of the race from 12 KM to 3 KM had made it safer.
Cipro For Sale, But, these arguments obviously do not hold up. Soft sand will not prevent ten-year-old children racing up to 50 KM/H, from seriously hurting themselves, or worse, if they fall. Children are often very frightened and forced under duress to take part, some are so scared they attempt to jump off mid-race.
The Emirates Heritage Club, that organised the races, said that they had not replaced human jockeys with remote-controlled robots "so that young Emiratis can get a taste of how their grandfathers felt."
However, while camel racing in the Arabian Gulf is hundreds of years old, the use of child jockeys is a relatively recent development. It can be traced back to the 1970s, following the building of a palace by Sheikh Zayed of Abu Dhabi in the Rahimyar Khan region of Pakistan.
The sheikh regularly used local children in camel races, put on for his guests, and the competitive advantage of light weight children was clear. It was during this time that children began to be sent to race in the UAE.
As the UAE became a wealthy oil-rich state, the traditional role of camels became obsolete. Camel racing enabled the country's leaders to show that they were not abandoning the country's culture.
Despite defending the right of children to risk their lives in February's race, the UAE embassy in London said the UAE considers the use of under-age children for commercial camel racing to be exploitative and is committed to enforcing its ban.
If the UAE really is committed to tackling this dangerous practice, then it must live up to its international obligations and enforce its own laws to stop children of any nationality endangering their lives by racing camels.
Catherine Turner is Coordinator, Child Labour Programme, Anti-Slavery International.
In print: Independent World Report -- Issue 4/April 2010..
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